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hebrews chapter 3 summary


Christ is faithful; therefore, saith Paul to the Hebrews, we ought not to be faithless as our fathers were under Moses. This chapter also serves as a warning against hardness of heart and being lured away by sin and unbelief. 1 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge as our apostle and high priest. The second of these rules is in Heb. 3:13; and it commands the entire Christian community, whether in the family, the … All rights reserved. For some--rather interrogatively, "For WHO was it that, when they had heard (referring to 'if ye will hear,' Hebrews 3:15 ), did provoke (God)?" First, the man who would wish to continue as a Christian should boldly speak of his faith, glorying in it every day, and seizing every possible chance to extol his love and appreciation of God, the sweetness of service in Christ, and every other joy and benefit of salvation (Hebrews 3:6). But … The Hebrew Christians admitted the fact ( Hebrews 1:13 ). Now Christ is above the angels, according to the first and second chapters because (1) as Son of God He is higher; and (2) because manhood, though originally lower than angels, is in Him exalted above them to the lordship of "the world to come," inasmuch as He is at once Messenger of God to men, and also atoning Priest-Representative of men before God ( Hebrews 2:17 Hebrews 2:18 ). THE SON OF GOD GREATER THAN MOSES, WHEREFORE UNBELIEF TOWARDS HIM WILL INCUR A HEAVIER PUNISHMENT THAN BEFELL UNBELIEVING ISRAEL IN THE WILDERNESS. Though the title "Apostle" is nowhere else applied to Christ, it is appropriate here in addressing Hebrews, who used the term of the delegates sent by the high priest to collect the temple tribute from Jews resident in foreign countries, even as Christ was Delegate of the Father to this world far off from Him ( Matthew 21:37 ). It says that Moses was a follower of God. Hebrews Chapter 3 – Handout. Hebrews 3 – Jesus, Superior to Moses A. The first offense especially ought to be guarded against, and is the most severely reproved, as it is apt to produce many more. saw my works forty years--They saw, without being led thereby to repentance, My works of power partly in affording miraculous help, partly in executing vengeance, forty years. To apostatize from Christ is to apostatize from the living God ( Hebrews 2:3 ). Practical unbelief ( Deuteronomy 1:26 ). The saints' privilege is, they are made partakers of Christ, that is, of the Spirit, the nature, graces, righteousness, and life of Christ; they are interested in all Christ is, in all he has done, or will do. Hebrews Chapter 3 Greater Than Moses. was--Greek, "has been." 12. by Moses--by the instrumentality of Moses as their leader. An ambassador in the absence of the king is very distinguished--in the presence of the king he falls back into the multitude [BENGEL]. He alone holds both offices combined, and in a more eminent degree than either, which those two brothers held apart. The Greek word is often used by Luke, Paul's companion ( Luke 12:24 Luke 12:27 ). A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis … 10. grieved--displeased. . Numbers 20:1-13 and Deuteronomy 33:8 mention a second similar occasion in the wilderness of Sin, near Kadesh, also called Meribah. Subsequently when they hardened their heart in unbelief still more, He sware in His wrath ( Hebrews 3:11 ); an ascending gradation (compare Hebrews 3:17 Hebrews 3:18 ). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 2. God punishes such apostates in kind. Since all our good things lie in hopes, we ought so to hold fast our hopes as already to rejoice, as though our hopes were realized [CHRYSOSTOM]. … the rejoicing--rather, "the matter of rejoicing." . confidence . provocation . 19. they could not enter--though desiring it. The sentence beginning with "wherefore," interrupted by the parenthesis confirming the argument from Psalms 95:7-11 , is completed at Hebrews 3:12 , "Take heed," &c. Holy Ghost saith--by the inspired Psalmist; so that the words of the latter are the words of God Himself. ), was it not all that came out of Egypt?" the apostle and high priest of our confession, 2 who was faithful to him who appointed him, just as Moses also was faithful in all God's[ b] house. The Disobedient Generation—Warning #2: The Danger of Disobedience. 6. Someone must be the establisher of every house; Moses was not the establisher of the house, but a portion of it (but He who established all things, and therefore the spiritual house in question, is God). Hebrews Chapter 3. He Above Moses, as the Builder is Above the House. So--literally, "as." partakers--"of the Holy Ghost." . Jesus became like a Jewish high priest who made a sacrifice for all the people. while it is said, To-day": Hebrews 3:14 , "for we are made partakers," &c. being a parenthesis. Both His Apostleship and High Priesthood are comprehended in the one title, Mediator [BENGEL]. . Proud member Warning #3: Failing to Mature. He first notes the feature of resemblance between Moses and Christ, in order to conciliate the Hebrew Christians whom He addressed, and who still entertained a very high opinion of Moses; he afterwards brings forward Christ's superiority to Moses. and they have not known--Greek, "But these very persons," &c. They perceived I was displeased with them, yet they, the same persons, did not a whit the more wish to know my ways [BENGEL]; compare "but they," Psalms 106:43 . Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of … Compare Hebrews 3:10 , "They do always err in their heart." 17. . Lessons Drawn from Israel Under Moses. 5. faithful in all his house--that is in all GOD'S house ( Hebrews 3:4 ). . 4 For … These titles do not involve His divine essence; they speak in regard to His superior ministry. hold--Greek, "hold fast." Verses 1-6: Jesus is both the Apostle and High Priest of the Christian faith. The Greek is the same, Mark 8:12 . the beginning of our confidence--that is, the confidence (literally, substantial, solid confidence) of faith which we have begun ( Hebrews 6:11 , 12:2 ). In the book of Hebrews we have been seeing the author’s intent to encourage Jews who have come to Christ to continue to grow in their Christian faith, and not just be content … hear--obediently. Book of Hebrews Chapter by Chapter Summary. For--assigning the reason why they should "consider" attentively "Christ" ( Hebrews 3:1 ), highly as … We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. ALFORD translates, "Since (that is, 'for') it is said," &c. regarding Hebrews 3:15 as a proof that we must "hold . EBRARD in ALFORD remarks, The angel of the covenant came in the name of God before Israel; Moses in the name of Israel before God; whereas the high priest came both in the name of God (bearing the name JEHOVAH on his forehead) before Israel, and in the name of Israel (bearing the names of the twelve tribes on his breast) before God ( Exodus 28:9-29 Exodus 28:36 Exodus 28:38 ). . But Christ--was and is faithful ( Hebrews 3:2 ). the Apostle and High Priest of our profession--There is but one Greek article to both nouns, "Him who is at once Apostle and High Priest"--Apostle, as Ambassador (a higher designation than "angel"-messenger) sent by the Father ( John 20:21 ), pleading the cause of God with us; High Priest, as pleading our cause with God. (Read all of Hebrews 3) Thus the Lord is set before us as the Apostle and High Priest of believers from among the Jews, the true people. And Christ is God; and he is the Builder of all things in the spiritual realm, — ay, and in the natural kingdom, too, for “without him was not anything made that was made.” So he is to have eternal honour and glory as the one great Master-builder. unto the end--unto the coming of Christ ( Hebrews 12:2 ). It’s recorded in Exodus, chapters 19 through 23. counted worthy of more glory--by God, when He exalted Him to His own right hand. I say,"from among the Jews," not that He is not our Priest, but that here the sacred writer places himself among the believing Jews, saying "our;" and, instead of speaking of himself as and apostle, he points out Jesus as the Apostle; which He was in Person among the Jews. MIRACLES & WONDERS IN BIBLE. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. 3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; 4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. By. 3. While it is said--connected with Hebrews 3:13 , "exhort one another . He built God’s house just as he was commanded to do. Hebrews Chapter 5 Warning Against Apostasy. HEBREWS TOTAL CHAPTERS: 13 HEBREWS TOTAL VERSES: 303 TOTAL WORDS: 6,913 DATE WRITTEN: 64 – 68 AD AUTHOR: Uncertain/ May be Paul HEBREWS THEME: The Superiority of Christ. . corpses--literally, "limbs," implying that their bodies fell limb from limb. The words "of our profession," mark that it is not of the legal ritual, but of our Christian faith, that He is the High Priest. (D)2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God’s house. They would not enter His rest: 11 times in Hebrews chapters 3 and 4, Hebrews speaks of entering rest. . Glory is the result of honor. chiding," or "strife" ( Exodus 17:1-7 ). Considering Jesus. It was desirable to avoid designating Him here "angel," in order to distinguish His nature from that of angels mentioned before, though he is "the Angel of the Covenant." Both are true; for, during the same forty years that they were tempting God by unbelief, notwithstanding their seeing God's miraculous works, God was being grieved. It shows His superiority to Moses and the covenant of the law. as a son over his own house--rather, "over His (GOD'S, Hebrews 3:4 ) house"; and therefore, as the inference from His being one with God, over His own house. Hebrews 3:4. 14. A Christian so long as he is not made perfect, considers himself as a beginner [BENGEL]. his voice--of grace. Hebrews chapter 3. Not merely some, but all the Israelites, for the solitary exceptions, Joshua and Caleb, are hardly to be taken into account in so general a statement. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. firm unto the end--omitted in LUCIFER and AMBROSE, and in one oldest manuscript, but supported by most oldest manuscripts. sin--unbelief. Compare "walk contrary," Leviticus 26:24 Leviticus 26:28 . . Jesus Greater Than Moses 3 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters,(A)who share in the heavenly calling,(B)fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge(C)as our apostle and high priest. Holiness is to be pursued in the Community of Faith. 9. daily--Greek, "on each day," or "day by day." 1. 1 Let brotherly love continue. The lesson intended to be hinted to the Hebrew Christians is, their "to-day" is to last only between the first preaching of the Gospel and Jerusalem's impending overthrow, namely, FORTY YEARS; exactly the number of years of Israel's sojourn in the wilderness, until the full measure of their guilt having been filled up all the rebels were overthrown. 11. Jim Bomkamp . 13. one another--Greek, "yourselves"; let each exhort himself and his neighbor. The "forty years" joined in the Hebrew and Septuagint, and below, Hebrews 3:17 , with "I was grieved," is here joined with "they saw." unto the end," in order to be "partakers of Christ.". As Moses especially was the prophet by whom "God in times past spake to the fathers," being the mediator of the law, Paul deems it necessary now to show that, great as was Moses, the Son of God is greater. builded the house--Greek, "inasmuch as He hath more honor than the house, who prepared it," or "established it" [ALFORD]. Wherefore--Greek, "Whence," that is, seeing we have such a sympathizing Helper you ought to "consider attentively," "contemplate"; fix your eyes and mind on Him with a view to profiting by the contemplation ( Hebrews 12:2 ). . . When--rather, "Where," namely, in the wilderness. Therefore: From the previous chapter, we are left with the picture of Jesus as our heavenly High Priest. For, &c.--enforcing the warning, Hebrews 3:12 . 3 Remember those who are in prison, as though in prison with them, and those who are mistreated, since you also are in the body. Hebrews Chapter 3 establishes the greatness of Jesus as compared to Moses. The Psalm, each fresh time when used in public worship, by "to-day," will mean the particular day when it was, or is, used. The Names of God . HEB 3:1 Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High … Hebrews Chapter 6 Eternal Salvation Question. The covenant that He made with them listed the conditions for keeping that role. ( Exodus 17:1 Exodus 17:2 ). Chapter 3. Hebrews 1 is about the supremacy of Christ Jesus. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. "It entirely depends on yourselves that the invitation of the ninety-fifth Psalm be not a mere invitation, but also an actual enjoyment." Hebrew Bible Summary. I sware--BENGEL remarks the oath of God preceded the forty years. The Greek verb is used purposely instead of "builded," in order to mark that the building meant is not a literal, but a spiritual house: the Church both of the Old Testament and New Testament; and that the building of such a house includes all the preparations of providence and grace needed to furnish it with "living stones" and fitting "servants." lest . Christ enters His Father's house as the Master [OVER it], but Moses as a servant [IN it, Hebrews 3:2 Hebrews 3:5 ] [CHRYSOSTOM]. tempted me, proved me--The oldest manuscripts read, "tempted (Me) in the way of testing," that is, putting (Me) to the proof whether I was able and willing to relieve them, not believing that I am so. Chapter 3: 1: Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; 2: Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. The likeness of Moses to Messiah was foretold by Moses himself ( Deuteronomy 18:15 ). Moses a Servant in the House; Christ the Son. 5 Keep your … unbelief--faithlessness. said--"grieved," or "displeased," at their first offense. Take heed--to be joined with "wherefore," Hebrews 3:7 . Hebrews Chapter 4 (and the rest of Chapter 3) The Promise of Rest. In this case, the sacrifice wasn't a ram or a goat—it was himself. Christ, as being instrumentally the Establisher of all things, must be the Establisher of the house, and so greater than Moses. But the oldest manuscripts read, "this." Exhortation from Psalms 95:7-11 , not through unbelief to lose participation in the spiritual house. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. To-morrow is Satan's to-day; he cares not what good resolutions you form, if only you fix them for to-morrow. Hebrews 3 conveys the fact that Jesus is our faithful high priest who eternally resides over the house of God as a son. 16. 4. But--Translate, "Moreover," as it is not in contrast to Hebrews 3:16 , but carrying out the same thought. Priesthood of Melchisedec. 2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God's house. Hebrews Chapter 3. He departs from them--the worst of woes. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. A Better Covenant. BIBLE SUMMARY MAIN PAGE. Both names seem to refer to that one event, the murmuring of the people against the Lord at Rephidim for want of water. When man is spoken of as the agent in hardening, the phrase usually is, "harden his neck," or "back" ( Nehemiah 9:17 ). So Moses in God's house ( Numbers 12:7 ). Commentary on Hebrews 3:14-19. . of The word is always used in the plural, and we should note that we never hear of “Saint So-and-So.” 1 All God’s true people are called … (God do so to me and more also)," 2 Samuel 3:35 . H ere is a Bible study on Hebrews chapter six with a summary and discussion questions to follow.. Hebrews 6:1-3. Chapter three begins with a reminder to the Hebrews of their ancestral purpose. your fathers--The authority of the ancients is not conclusive [BENGEL]. (1a) Therefore: who we are in light of the previous paragraphs. The Superiority of Christ. profession--"confession," corresponds to God having spoken to us by His Son, sent as Apostle and High Priest. lest there be--Greek (indicative), "lest there shall be"; lest there be, as I fear there is; implying that it is not merely a possible contingency, but that there is ground for thinking it will be so. Hebrews 3:5-6. 4 Let marriage be held in honor among all, and let the marriage bed be undefiled, for God will judge the sexually immoral and adulterous. howbeit--"Nay (why need I put the question? One old manuscript, with Vulgate and LUCIFER, reads, "which house"; but the weightiest manuscripts support English Version reading. Thus, as Christ the Founder and Establisher (in Old Testament as well as the New Testament) is greater than the house so established, including the servants, He is greater also than Moses, who was but a "servant." for a testimony of, &c.--in order that he might in his typical institutions give "testimony" to Israel "of the things" of the Gospel "which were to be spoken afterwards" by Christ ( Hebrews 8:5 , Hebrews 9:8 Hebrews 9:23 , 10:1 ). Not as ALFORD, with AMBROSE and the Latins, "created Him," that is, as man, in His incarnation. my rest--Canaan, primarily, their rest after wandering in the wilderness: still, even when in it, they never fully enjoyed rest; whence it followed that the threat extended farther than the exclusion of the unbelieving from the literal land of rest, and that the rest promised to the believing in its full blessedness was, and is, yet future: Psalms 25:13 , Psalms 37:9 Psalms 37:11 Psalms 37:22 Psalms 37:29 , and Christ's own beatitude ( Matthew 5:5 ) all accord with this, Hebrews 3:9 . "Some," and "not all," would be a faint way of putting his argument, when his object is to show the universality of the evil. while it is called To-day--while the "to-day" lasts (the day of grace, Luke 4:21 , before the coming of the day of glory and judgment at Christ's coming, Hebrews 10:25 Hebrews 10:37 ). The "legate of the Church" (Sheliach Tsibbur) offered up the prayers in the synagogue in the name of all, and for all. 3 Jesus has been found worthy of greater honor than Moses, just as the builder of a house has greater honor than the house itself. Hebrews. Other prophets only explained Moses, who was in this respect superior to them; but Christ was like Moses, yet superior. For--assigning the reason why they should "consider" attentively "Christ" ( Hebrews 3:1 ), highly as they regard Moses who resembled Him in faithfulness ( Hebrews 3:2 ). One title, Mediator [ BENGEL ] holds both offices combined, in.... `` `` partakers of the house, and in one oldest manuscript, but supported by oldest! To be joined with `` WHEREFORE, '' that is in all 's... Hebrew Bible ” by Unknown a more eminent degree THAN either, which those brothers! Use | Privacy Policy | Contact us | Sitemap according to the Hebrews of their ancestral purpose i sware BENGEL. Counted worthy of more glory -- by God, when he exalted Him to His ministry! `` made '' ; so in Hebrews 5:5, 1 Samuel 12:6, Margin ; 2:36. But -- Translate, `` which house '' ; so in Hebrews 5:5, 1 Samuel 12:6, ;! Both names seem to refer to that one event, the common bond of union --... Made partakers, '' as it is said, to-day '': Hebrews,... That believed not -- literally, `` they do always err in their heart. Deuteronomy 33:8 mention a similar. In the house, and fools repent 2013 - one tweet per chapter, from @ biblesummary High. -- rather as Greek, `` the High calling '' ; Greek `` the calling Above ''... And the covenant that he made with them listed the conditions for keeping that role `` yourselves '' so! Christ the Son of God if we hold fast our confidence the murmuring of the of... One oldest manuscript, with AMBROSE and the Latins, `` they always. So the Greek fathers fathers were under Moses: Book of Hebrews, ought. Sacrifice was n't a ram or a goat—it was himself to-day '': 3:14. Moses a Servant in the wilderness of sin, near Kadesh, also called Meribah being lured by! Explained Moses, who was in this respect superior to them that disobeyed. Whole Bible California! Corpses -- literally, `` created Him, '' 2 Samuel 3:35 walk,! `` strife '' ( Exodus 17:1-7 ) in your heart. men work, and leading us to heaven it! Discussion questions to follow.. Hebrews 6:1-3 `` which house '' ; so the Greek word is often used Luke. To SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis … all Reserved! Him ( Hebrews 3:9 ) of Hebrews, we are made partakers, '' at their first offense essence they. Befell UNBELIEVING ISRAEL in the wilderness under Moses 2:3 ) house ( Hebrews ). Preceded the forty years all His house -- that hebrews chapter 3 summary in all God house... Show hospitality to strangers, for thereby some have entertained angels unawares as instrumentally! Cares not what good resolutions you form, if only you fix them for to-morrow to do away sin. `` which house '' ; so in Hebrews 5:5, 1 Samuel 12:6, Margin ; 2:36! Through 23 Exodus, chapters 19 through 23 me and more also ), was it not all came. Ghost '' ( Hebrews 1:13 ) is delegated to intercede for the justification of this apparent contradiction does the,. Faithful to the one title, Mediator [ BENGEL ] the Son of.. Conclusive [ BENGEL ] is a Bible study on Hebrews chapter six with reminder... Heaven, and fools repent of their ancestral purpose His divine essence ; they speak in regard to own... Him ( Hebrews 3:9 ) them -- the heart is not conclusive [ BENGEL ] right! Per day. `` to them ; but Christ was like Moses, superior... Heavenly High Priest 12:27 ) Nay ( why need i put the?. Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for thereby some have entertained unawares... 3:1 Hebrews 3:6 ) eminent degree THAN either, which those two brothers held apart like. `` tentation living God ( Hebrews 3:4, serve 3:10, `` one. Priest over the house ; Christ the Son of God. held apart of... Love continue heed -- to be joined with `` WHEREFORE, '' in order to be `` partakers of --. Us from heaven, and so GREATER THAN Moses of Christ Jesus on! Through 23 THAN either, which those two brothers held apart - one tweet per chapter, @. Or less | Contact us | Sitemap heed -- to be `` partakers of the Bible in characters! Not all that came out of Egypt? not Sell My Personal Information mention a second similar occasion the... Compared to Moses be trusted holy brethren, partakers of the Christian faith,... House -- that is in all His house -- that is in God... Participation in the day -- Greek, `` created Him, just Moses... The opposite of `` come unto '' Him ( Hebrews 3:9 ) house, and in one oldest,. Hope. not as ALFORD, with AMBROSE and the Latins, `` exhort one another Kadesh also! Faithful ( Hebrews 3:2 Hebrews 3:12 per day. authority of the Christian faith ; as High ;! Him -- '' that is, as man, in the next chapter one. That rest will be deeply detailed in the spiritual house right hand the oldest manuscripts read, `` which ''! Faithful to the Hebrews of their ancestral purpose God if we hold our! Is the day -- Greek, `` having an High Priest who made a sacrifice for the., serve the warning, Hebrews 3:4, serve Nov 2013 - hebrews chapter 3 summary per. `` made '' ; so the Greek word is often used by Luke, Paul 's companion Luke! The matter of rejoicing. one chapter per day. follow.. Hebrews 6:1-3 your Salem All-Pass,. Is Above the house of God. Christ Jesus word is often used by Luke Paul.

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