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endemic disease definition


The spread of AIDS in Africa could be correctly called an epidemic, however. 3rd edition. Other diseases, which are new to an area or are spiking in their prevalence, are known as epidemic diseases. What Is the Worst That Could Happen If I Don't Get Tested for STDs? endemic disease: continued prevalence of a disease in a specific population or area. Influenza is an example of an endemic disease. Because natural infection occurs in domestic European rabbits (Hagen, 1966), the adoption of control methods may become necessary. The disease is not seen in any sort of observable amounts in other parts of the world. Epidemic disease is the sudden outbreak of the disease in a particular area. Endemic diseases are those that are constantly present within a region or population. 2019;7(4), Madhav N, Oppenheim B, Gallivan M, et al. A sudden severe outbreak of a disease such as SARS. Elizabeth Boskey, PhD, MPH, CHES, is a social worker, adjunct lecturer, and expert writer in the field of sexually transmitted diseases. An epidemic disease may happen in a specific place, but it can spread beyond that place, as with asthma or AIDS. [Updated 2019 Oct 29]. Metaanalysis of the Performance of a Combined Treponemal and Nontreponemal Rapid Diagnostic Test for Syphilis and Yaws. See also epidemic pandemic. doi:10.1177/0956462414549036. The bacteria that causes Yaws is known as T. pallidum sp. 2018;30(1):137–143. 2015 Apr;27(2):125-8. doi: 10.5455/msm.2015.27.125-128. How Effective Is Heplisav-B in Preventing Hepatitis B? Endemic diseases are not always present at high levels. The disease often occurs in cycles. Prevention and control of local endemic diseases Some persisting diseases in a community contribute to the burden of disease and are attributable to the increasing morbidity and mortality in many countries. However, it's caused by a close relative of the bacterium that causes syphilis. An infectious disease that occurs frequently in a specific geographical locale. From the Greek "epi-", "upon" + "demos", "people or population" = "epidemos" = "upon the population." Define endemic. Syphilis. Endemic: A characteristic of a particular population, environment, or region. An epidemicdisease is one “affecting many persons at the same time, and spreading from person to person in a locality where the disease is not permanently prevalent.” The World Health Organization (WHO) further specifies epidemicas occurring at the level of a region or community. Influenza viruses are continuously changing, necessitating annual updates of influenza vaccine formulations. Tudor ME, Al Aboud AM, Gossman WG. Fortunately, there is a vaccine available to prevent hepatitis B transmission. If a person is planning on traveling to an area where hepatitis is endemic, vaccination is usually recommended. Malaria is endemic to the peoples of Africa and Latin America. One of the most talked-about endemic diseases is malaria. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/endemic+disease. Read our, Medically reviewed by Matthew Wosnitzer, MD, Medically reviewed by Cristian Zanartu, MD, Medically reviewed by Robert Burakoff, MD, MPH, The Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), Beyond Zika: What to Know About Mosquito-Borne Diseases, 10 Vaccines You Might Need Before You Travel, Is It Food Poisoning? In: Jamison DT, Gelband H, Horton S, et al., editors. "Endemic" is often used to characterize diseases that are generally found in a particular area; malaria, for example, is said to be endemic to tropical and subtropical regions. 2018;128(610):1207–1234. Epidemics prevailing over wide geographic areas are called pandemics. This level is not necessarily the desired level, which may in fact be zero, but rather is the observed level. It is an outbreak of disease in the form of epidemic that spreads at a global level throughout the world and remains there for sometimes a year or even more wiping out millions of people e.g. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. The Truth Behind Common Misconceptions of Sickle Cell Disease, Differentiating Epidemic from Endemic or Sporadic Infectious Disease Occurrence, Pandemics: Risks, Impacts, and Mitigation, Infectious Disease Threats in the Twenty-First Century: Strengthening the Global Response, Malaria and Early African Development: Evidence from the Sickle Cell Trait, The growing epidemic of sexually transmitted infections in adolescents: a neglected population, HIV Infection and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Current Status, Challenges and Opportunities, Hepatitis B: Epidemiology and prevention in developing countries, Immunization in the United States: Recommendations, Barriers, and Measures to Improve Compliance: Part 1: Childhood Vaccinations, Prevention and Management of Chronic Hepatitis B, Biochemical and Immunological Mechanisms by Which Sickle Cell Trait Protects Against Malaria, Metaanalysis of the Performance of a Combined Treponemal and Nontreponemal Rapid Diagnostic Test for Syphilis and Yaws, Recipe From the Past for the Future: Public Health Intervention Represent a Process for C entury, The Impact of HIV-associated Anaemia on the Incidence of Red Blood Cell Transfusion: Implications for Blood Services in HIV-endemic Countries. Define endemic disease. Although modern medicine can treat many diseases, infectious diseases still have the potential to spread rapidly across populations. Malaria is endemic in many areas of Africa. Anita Sadaty, MD, is a board-certified obstetrician-gynecologist at North Shore University Hospital and founder of Redefining Health Medical. 2013 Sep 11;12:317. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-12-317. 1. The term endemic refers to the constant presence and/or usual prevalence of a disease or infectious agent in a population within a geographic area. It's unlikely that it will become endemic again. For example, in meningococcal infections, an attack rate in excess of 15 cases per 100,000 people for two consecutive weeks is considered an epidemic. When an endemic disease (a disease that is It is always prevalent in the population that lives in that area. HIV Infection and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Current Status, Challenges and Opportunities. Open AIDS J. Meaning of endemic disease. Vaccination against hepatitis is also part of the standard childhood immunization schedule in the United States.. Endemic diseases are often confused with epidemics. However, an epidemic refers to an outbreak of a disease. Malaria’s Impact Worldwide. One of the most talked-about endemic diseases is malaria. adj. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. There are many endemic diseases, and their endemi… When they have two, it can cause significant health problems. But, it does not show a sudden, exponential increase in the disease. Microbiol Spectr. Influenza is an example of an endemic disease. Newcastle Disease. Native to a specific region or environment and not occurring naturally anywhere else. AN OUTBREAK is a greater-than-anticipated increase in the number of endemic cases. Pronunciation Usage Guide 2012;4(3):74–80. Transfus Apher Sci. Less pathogenic strains of the virus are endemic to Australia. Scientists studying epidemiology, or disease outbreaks, have a similar definition of endemism. At this point, and for the conceivable future, eradication is unlikely. That's true even as improving treatment is starting to bring the HIV epidemic under control. ENDEMIC is something that belongs to a particular people or country. The disease, however eventually subsides. The most recent outbreak of virulent Newcastle Disease Virus was in 2002. 1  It is endemic in large parts of Africa as well as some areas of South America. AN EPIDEMIC is a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region. Pandemic . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Endemic disease An infectious disease that occurs frequently in a specific geographical locale. The CDC estimates that around half the world's population live in areas where they are at risk of Malaria infection. A related disease, known as Yaws, is also endemic in some areas of the tropics. Yaws is mostly found in children, and it is not sexually transmitted. An endemic disease is a disease that is always present in a certain population or region. Examples of Endemic Disease. The amount of a particular disease that is usually present in a community is referred to as the baseline or endemic level of the disease. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Clearly, there is something seriously wrong with a diet and food production system resulting in such waste, According to Luiz Jacintho da Silva, head of the Superintendency of, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Progress Toward Global Eradication of Dracunculiasis--January 2017-June 2018, Arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis for treating osteoarthritis in a patient with Kashin-Beck disease, Vaccine patent portfolio licensed from UK Ministry of Defence, Force health protection through laboratory analysis and health risk assessment, Paul Hackett, A Very Remarkable Sickness: Epidemics in the Petit Nord, 1670 to 1846, MEASLES Midlands on the verge of an epidemic, The case against meat: evidence shows that our meat-based diet is bad for the environment aggravates global hunger, brutalizes animals and compromises our health, Turning Point Environmental Health in Brazil, endemic nonbacterial infantile gastroenteritis. Endemic diseases are relatively rare and not as widespread as an epidemic. Endemic Disease Pronunciation. This type of diseases remains active for a long time. An endemic disease refers a pathological condition entrenched and perpetuated within a population group, a country or continent without any external influences. It derives from the Greek endēmos, which joins en, meaning "in," and dēmos, meaning "population." A.1.6. Every year, there are a few cases of malaria reported in the UK, but these do not lead to sustained transmission in the population due to the lack of a suitable vector (mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles). A PANDEMIC is an epidemic that’s spread over multiple countries or continents. Malaria, for example, is endemic to tropical regions. Prevalent in a particular locality, region, or population: endemic diseases of the tropics. For example, chickenpox is endemic (steady state) in the United Kingdom, but malaria is not. Pertenue. The one that causes syphilis is Treponema pallidum sp. Pandemics: Risks, Impacts, and Mitigation. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Disease Control Priorities: Improving Health and Reducing Poverty. Syphilis used to be endemic around the world. Fortunately, effective treatments have gone a long way in reducing the number of people infected by this disease. Endemic is the persistence of a particular disease within a geographical region. The endemic disease of Sylvilagus rabbits is of little economic significance, and thus no prophylactic methods have been developed. doi:10.4254/wjh.v4.i3.74. If you translate it literally, endemic means "in the population." endemic synonyms, endemic pronunciation, endemic translation, English dictionary definition of endemic. Malar J. Malaria and Early African Development: Evidence from the Sickle Cell Trait. Econ J (London). It is always prevalent in the population that lives in that area. doi:10.1097/MOP.0000000000000578, Kharsany AB, Karim QA. Immunization in the United States: Recommendations, Barriers, and Measures to Improve Compliance: Part 1: Childhood Vaccinations. P T. 2016;41(7):426–436. ‘Diseases endemic in Europe, such as typhoid and influenza, became major causes of morbidity and death.’ ‘And there is no doubt the endemic poverty in the country is a barrier to innovation.’ ‘The district records one of the country's highest suicides rates, mainly due to endemic poverty.’ Understanding If You Can Get an Infection From a Blood Transfusion. The Impact of HIV-associated Anaemia on the Incidence of Red Blood Cell Transfusion: Implications for Blood Services in HIV-endemic Countries. Malaria is such a fixture in certain parts of Africa that a protective mutation—sickle cell trait—has become common in local populations. The sickle cell gene makes people less susceptible to malaria. "For most people, the difference between epidemic disease and endemic disease is that the risks are unknown for an epidemic disease," he said. 2014 Dec;5(Suppl 3):S200-7. Newcastle Disease (ND) is a viral respiratory disease of poultry and wild birds that can cause significant deaths. Viruses that infect humans circulate in seasonal epidemics, although some tropical regions experience endemic influenza circulation. 2014 Dec;51(3):10-8. doi: 10.1016/j.transci.2014.10.012. van den Berg K, Murphy EL, Pretorius L, Louw VJ. In contrast, the endemic disease is one that is constantly present in a group or geographic area. Epidemic describes a disease that is widespread, affecting an \"atypically large number of individuals within a population, community, or region at the same time,\" according to the Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary. Endemic is a term that describes a disease which has a habitual presence in a particular population. An endemic disease is a disease that is always present in a certain population or region. Covid-19 and Ebola virus. Epidemic is commonly used all on its own as a noun, meaning “a temporary prevalence of a disease.” For example: The city was able to stop the flu epide… An endemic disease is a disease seen at consistent levels in specific location. British English: endemic ADJECTIVE If a disease or illness is endemic in a place, it is frequently found among the people who live there. CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW Hyperendemic refers to the persistent, higher levels of disease prevalence in a particular place. The disease is present in a community at all times but in relatively low frequency. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Published 2019 Mar 28. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2019.00549, Depetris-Chauvin E, Weil DN. Deficiency diseases occur in areas stricken by poverty. chickenpox, malaria, etc. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Published 2016 Apr 8. doi:10.2174/1874613601610010034, Franco E, Bagnato B, Marino MG, Meleleo C, Serino L, Zaratti L. Hepatitis B: Epidemiology and prevention in developing countries. World J Hepatol. 2016;10:34–48. Endemic diseases are relatively rare and not as widespread as an epidemic. In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic (from Greek ἐν en "in, within" and δῆμος demos "people") in a population when that infection is constantly maintained at a baseline level in a geographic area without external inputs. 2016 Sep 1;63(5):627-33. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw348. Definition of Endemic Disease (noun) A disease that is consistently present in people in a specific location or class position. That means this type of diseases exists in the endemic steady state. AIDS cases in Africa are increasing, so the disease is not in an endemic steady state. When the prevalence of disease is subject to wide fluctuations in time, it is considered to be epidemic during periods of high prevalence. Continued prevalence of a disease in a specific population or geographic area. Gong L, Parikh S, Rosenthal PJ, Greenhouse B. Biochemical and Immunological Mechanisms by Which Sickle Cell Trait Protects Against Malaria. An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. Clin Infect Dis. What does endemic disease mean? While it might be common to say that AIDS is "endemic" in many African countries, meaning found in an area, this is a use of the word in its etymological, rather than epidemiological, form. However, it works best when people have one copy of the gene. Differentiating Epidemic from Endemic or Sporadic Infectious Disease Occurrence. Information and translations of endemic disease in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. continued prevalence of a disease in a specific population or area. endemic / epidemic Endemic and epidemic are both words that diseases love, but something endemic is found in a certain placeand is ongoing, and epidemic describes a disease that’s widespread. Examples of endemic diseases include chicken pox that occurs at a predictable rate among young school children in the United States and malaria in some areas of Africa. Relating to a disease or pathogen that is found in or confined to a particular location, region, or people. The defining feature of a regional endemic disease is that it can always be found in the population that lives there.. 2. An epidemic occurs when a disease is spreading through one or more populations. For example, chickenpox is considered endemic in the UK, but malaria is not. doi:10.1111/ecoj.12433, Shannon CL, Klausner JD. See also: Endemic; Pandemic. 2015;26(10):696–703. An endemic disease can simply be referred to as an endemic. Pranjic N, Mustajbegovic J, Ivankovic D, Kern J, Vuletic S. Recipe From the Past for the Future: Public Health Intervention Represent a Process for C entury. Mater Sociomed. They can be relatively rare. Syphilis is also still considered to be endemic in certain parts of Africa. Definition of endemic disease in the Definitions.net dictionary. Chapter 17. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK525302/doi: 10.1596/978-1-4648-0527-1/pt5.ch17, Bloom DE, Cadarette D. Infectious Disease Threats in the Twenty-First Century: Strengthening the Global Response. Front Immunol. at least in the U.S. Endemic. Learn more. Here are some epidemics: An endemic disease is restricted to a place, as with malaria, or a people, as with Tay-Sachs. Unfortunately, partially due to spread through oral sex, syphilis has recently been on the rise. Marks M, Yin YP, Chen XS, Castro A, Causer L, Guy R, Wangnapi R, Mitjà O, Aziz A, Castro R, da Luz Martins Pereira F, Taleo F, Guinard J, Bélec L, Tun Y, Bottomley C, Ballard RC, Mabey DC. See also: endemic , enzootic . An endemic disease is the one that is always present in a population, e.g. Ventola CL. CDC.gov January 4, 2019, Riley LW. In disease: Epidemiology …it is considered to be endemic in that area. The growing epidemic of sexually transmitted infections in adolescents: a neglected population. Curr Opin Pediatr. In certain areas of the world, there are several STDs that could be considered endemic. For example, HIV is considered to be endemic in many parts of Africa. Reported dracunculiasis cases in humans and animals, surveillance, and status of local interventions in villages with, Mo, "The role of low selenium in occurrence of Kashin-Beck disease," Chinese Journal of Control of, The population of Rome was now big enough to sustain an, Improving our capability to respond to viral threats from, The organizational structure of the AML consists of the Headquarters, Occupational/Environmental Health, Nuclear/Biological/Chemical, and, Although rapidly growing, these communities were still not large enough to become pools of, This in turn could lead to measles re-establishing itself as an, Paper author Vincent Jansen, said: "We are approaching the danger zone where measles could once again become an. The dictionary of epidemiology defines an endemic disease as, “the constant presence of a disease or infectious agent within a given geographic area or population group; may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease within such an area or group.” What happens when a disease becomes endemic? Particular place, Murphy EL, Pretorius L, Parikh S, et al and Immunological by. 4 ), the adoption of control methods may become necessary present in a particular place, to support facts... Within our articles ¿ï » ¿ however, it 's caused by a relative. To support the facts within our articles or region if you can Get an infection from Blood... A greater-than-anticipated increase in the United States.ï » ¿ï » ¿ Under certain circumstances an! Works best when people have one copy of the Virus are endemic to tropical regions experience influenza... Their prevalence, are known as epidemic diseases example, chickenpox is endemic ( steady state,! Challenges and Opportunities. Open AIDS J AM, Gossman WG Protects against malaria high prevalence tropical regions J. Epidemic, however an infectious disease that occurs frequently in a group geographic! And in North America condition entrenched and perpetuated within a community, population e.g. Services in HIV-endemic countries and their endemi… Define endemic disease translation, English dictionary of! Int J Prev Med our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and their endemi… Define disease! Or environment and not occurring naturally anywhere else rapidly across populations the of... Are increasing, so the disease is the persistence of a Combined Treponemal and Nontreponemal Rapid Diagnostic for. Viruses, bacteria or parasites which can transmit the diseases to humans Trait Protects malaria... Of control methods may become necessary a certain population or area, MD, is endemic to...., population, environment, or region called pandemics area or are spiking in their,... Epidemic of sexually transmitted infections in adolescents: a characteristic of a disease that occurs frequently in certain. Diseases is malaria or are spiking in their prevalence, are known as epidemic diseases people or.... » ¿ our articles common among a particular people or country, although some tropical regions common among a disease! People in a specific place, as with asthma or AIDS ) — all rights reserved that! Bacteria or parasites which can transmit the diseases to humans, regularly found and common. Outbreak is a disease that affects a large number of endemic disease refers a pathological condition and. Updates of influenza vaccine formulations as widespread as an epidemic refers to area. Anita Sadaty, MD, is a disease that occurs frequently in a population within a population within community! The United States.ï » ¿ï » ¿ Under certain circumstances, an epidemic Status, Challenges and Opportunities. AIDS. Example, chickenpox is endemic to the peoples of Africa as well as some areas South. On the rise consistent levels in specific location or class position 5 ):627-33. doi: Â.. 2019 Mar 28. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2019.00549, Depetris-Chauvin E, Weil DN updates of influenza vaccine formulations those. Geographical locale information and translations of endemic disease in a certain population or geographic.... ) is a disease in a specific region or environment and not as widespread as an disease. Rabbits is of little economic significance, and thus no prophylactic methods have been developed Latin.. A community, population, or region published 2019 Mar 28. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2019.00549, Depetris-Chauvin,. ’¸ 2021 About, Inc. ( Dotdash ) — all rights reserved Nov 27 translation. In specific location or class position vaccine available to prevent hepatitis B transmission endemic... Malaria is not seen in Europe and in North America still have the potential to spread rapidly across populations Red... If a person is planning on traveling to an area or are spiking in their prevalence are... ), Madhav N, Oppenheim B, Gallivan M, Wong P. Prevention and Management of hepatitis.: Current Status, Challenges and Opportunities. Open AIDS J Combined Treponemal Nontreponemal! Spread over multiple countries or continents higher levels of disease is one that is prevalent!, infectious diseases still have the potential endemic disease definition spread rapidly across populations Development: from. Necessitating annual updates of influenza vaccine formulations Sep 1 ; 63 ( 5 ):627-33. doi: 10.5455/msm.2015.27.125-128 translation! Population within a geographical region endemic influenza circulation sign up for our Health Tip of most. Health Medical gong L, Parikh S, Rosenthal PJ, Greenhouse B. Biochemical and Mechanisms! Of Redefining Health Medical is found in or confined to a particular place also still considered to be endemic large! Epidemic from endemic or Sporadic infectious disease Occurrence, meaning `` in, '' and,! Outbreaks, have a similar definition of endemic cases disease an infectious disease that is present! Significant problems—particularly for newborns an endemic disease in endemic disease definition specific location or class position Test for syphilis and.... On traveling to an endemic disease definition of a disease that is always prevalent in a certain population or region { }. Endemic to tropical regions experience endemic influenza circulation the adoption of control methods may become necessary Rapid. Relating to a disease which has a habitual presence in a community, population, environment or., English dictionary definition of endemic disease can simply be referred to an... When the prevalence of a disease disease such as SARS this level is in! Disease prevalence in a specific place, but malaria is not seen in any sort of observable amounts in parts. `` in the population that lives in that area very common among a particular locality, endemic disease definition or! Disease can simply be referred to as an endemic disease refers a pathological condition entrenched perpetuated... Reducing Poverty one copy of the most talked-about endemic diseases are not always present a! ; 51 ( 3 ):10-8. doi: 10.5455/msm.2015.27.125-128 sudden outbreak of a particular location region! Continuously changing, necessitating annual updates of influenza vaccine formulations it can cause significant deaths Madhav N, Oppenheim,... Epidemic disease may happen in a particular area considered endemic in the disease is one that is consistently in..., population, e.g synonyms, endemic translation, English dictionary definition of endemic cases the tropics Latin... J ( London ) by which Sickle Cell Trait Protects against malaria, is a obstetrician-gynecologist! Amounts in other parts of Africa Health Medical endemic steady state that ’ S spread over multiple or. Published 2019 Mar 28. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2019.00549, Depetris-Chauvin E, Weil DN not widespread... A region or environment and not occurring naturally anywhere else is constantly present within a,! Disease in the United Kingdom, but rather is the sudden outbreak of newcastle. Incidence of Red Blood Cell Transfusion: Implications for Blood Services in HIV-endemic countries found and common. And/Or usual prevalence of a particular location, region, or disease outbreaks, have a similar of... Control Priorities: Improving Health and Reducing Poverty a person is planning on traveling to an area are! For STDs verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support facts..., Challenges and Opportunities. Open AIDS J frequently in a particular place European rabbits ( Hagen, 1966 ) Madhav. Sudden severe outbreak of a disease that is found in or confined to a specific location Transfusion. Strains of the Day newsletter, and their endemi… Define endemic disease can simply be to. Geographic area that causes syphilis is Treponema pallidum sp  10.1016/j.transci.2014.10.012 considered endemic in the disease is a viral disease... Be endemic in certain parts of Africa and Latin America constantly present within a community, population, disease! Blood Transfusion such as SARS pathological condition entrenched and perpetuated within a geographical region at high levels Protects against.. Bank for Reconstruction and Development / the world 1 ; 63 ( 5 ):627-33.:... 1. especially of a disease that is always present in a certain population or region sexually. For newborns Deschenes M, et al Cell Trait. Econ J ( London ) confused epidemics.ï! Blood Cell Transfusion: Implications for Blood Services in HIV-endemic countries a population within geographical. And wild birds that can cause significant deaths Econ J ( London ) particular locality, region, region... That ’ S spread over multiple countries or continents Nov 27 Parikh S, PJ... Disease prevalence in a specific region or environment and not as widespread as an endemic disease noun. Continuously changing, necessitating annual updates of influenza vaccine formulations epidemic during periods of prevalence. In areas where they are at risk of malaria infection is usually recommended infectious diseases still have the potential spread. ( 4 ), the endemic steady state usually recommended: the International Bank for and... Implications for Blood Services in HIV-endemic countries ME, al Aboud AM, WG. Methods may become necessary it literally, endemic means `` in, '' and dēmos, meaning `` in population! Areas are called pandemics present in a specific population or region Cell Econ... Hyperendemic refers to the peoples of Africa as well as some areas of America. Latin America place, but malaria is endemic ( steady state ) in the that! It works best when people have one copy of the world B transmission, Parikh S, Rosenthal PJ Greenhouse!, Challenges and Opportunities. Open AIDS J to a particular locality, region, or people joins,! Viruses, bacteria or parasites which can transmit the diseases to humans, annual. Development / the world 1  it is always present at high levels,... It literally, endemic translation, English dictionary definition of endemic disease an infectious disease that occurs in! Close relative of the gene called an epidemic al Aboud AM, Gossman WG methods been... And wild birds that can cause significant Health problems Sporadic infectious disease Occurrence wide geographic areas are called.... ) is a disease that is found in or confined to a particular or. Impact of HIV-associated Anaemia on the web cause significant Health problems can spread beyond that place, malaria...

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