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vicious circle origin


Anxiety produces physical symptoms, and the two feed each other in a vicious circle. Further, as we examine how agreements/compacts were actually made, we realize that there a kind of vicious circle between "coercion" and "voluntary will". Is the bullet train in China typically cheaper than taking a domestic flight? Writers often make no distinction between circle and spiral in these expressions, using them interchangeably. a vicious circle phrase. The emblem of a snake eating its own tail was commonly used in the iconography of Georgian and Victorian cemeteries - as in this example from Sheffield's General Cemetery. The frequency of "vicious circle" has dropped off by almost half in that period, while the frequency of "vicious cycle" has more than doubled. From the Cambridge English Corpus There is a … A dog chasing it's tail is in a cycle and a circle. Meaning of Vicious Circle. Biography. As a term in logic, "vicious circle" is very old indeed, dating to the early 1600s at least. ν, according to the moon, when the sun was in Aries. It is a positive feedback loop. That sense was first documented around the end of the 18th century. Here, at greater length, is that occurrence, from the entry for "Lightning" in the 1798 edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica: In his explanation of the accident which happened to [James] Lauder, his lordship [Lord Mahon, later Earl Stanhope] is reduced to the greatest difficulty, and makes one of the most unphilosophical shifts in the world ; no less than that of arra[n]ging the clouds of heaven, not according to fact, but according to his own imagination. In any use but as a term in logic the expression is now a cliché. The expression's frequency essentially flatlines until about 1910, when it begins its slow ascent. Thus the matter goes full circle, returning to its beginning. For that year in which JERUSALEM was taken and destroyed, he saith, the Passover was on the 14th day of the month XANTICUS, which according to JOSEPHUS is our APRIL ; and that five years before, it fell on the 8th day of the same month. A virtuous circle has favorable results, while a vicious circle has detrimental results.. How do digital function generators generate precise frequencies? Here we have "vicious cycle" as sense 2 of "vicious circle": a recurring series of unfortunate events. After Powerhouse took Brainiape back to the Vicious Circle’s new headquarters, he had him healed. See more. This imagery was employed in the 18th and 19th centuries to denote the circle of life and death. the earliest example that I could find for VICIOUS CYCLE was from 1858 (see quote below), in agreement with my speculation in one of my earlier posts that VICIOUS CIRCLE was the older term. "Vicious circle" on the other hand involves the perpetrator only, the pattern being deliberately chosen. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. The term vicious circle is commonly used to describe a situation in which solution of one problem creates other problems whose solution is incompatible with the original circumstances. A: The word “vicious” actually comes from Latin “vitiosus”, which means “defective or faulty”. so that people can pay the prices, raising prices again because people can better afford to pay them.". PostGIS Voronoi Polygons with extend_to parameter. Or does it have to be within the DHCP servers (or routers) defined subnet? 2 The Valetudinary States at the Origin of a Semiotic of Impulses 15 3 The Experience of the Eternal Return 55 4 The Valetudinary States at the Origin of Four Criteria: Decadence, Vigour, Gregariousness, the Singular Case 74 5 Attempt at a Scientific Explanation of the Eternal Return 93 6 The Vicious Circle as a Selective Doctrine 121 Breaking the Vicious Circle is a tour de force that should be read by everyone who is interested in improving our regulatory processes. Here's a list of opposite words from our thesaurus that you can use instead. I just added the relevant portion of the sites I had linked to, and clarified what I meant by cycle being a better metaphor. The figurative, that is, not specifically logical or medical, meaning became established in the middle of the century; for example, this piece from Henry James' Notebooks, 1892: "The whole situation works in a kind of inevitable rotary way - in what would be called a vicious circle.". Meaning: If you're in a vicious circle you're in a situation in which the solution to one problem becomes the cause of another one, and the solution to that one causes the first problem to occur again. The Vicious Circle members were then all locked away. vicious circles name numerology is 5 and here you can learn how to pronounce vicious circles, vicious circles origin and similar names to vicious circles name. The screenplay concerns a leading Harley Street specialist who is forced to work with the police to nail a gang of international criminals, after being falsely accused of murder. ( 1999-02-09) Vicious Circle is a single British television crime drama film, written by former Tomorrow's World presenter Kieran Prendiville, that first broadcast on BBC1 on 9 February 1999. Definition of a vicious circle in the Idioms Dictionary. The Oxford English Dictionary doesn’t list “vicious cycle” as a variant, though it includes the phrase in a couple of 20th-century citations. The earliest uses part is answerable (last time I saw yesterday you had a partial anwer to that, but now it's gone); the other bit may or may not be answerable, I don't know. Vicious circle originally referred to a circular argument, that is, an argument that assumes the conclusion as one of its premises. Because it is rather late to the party of everyday English "vicious cycle" doesn't show up in the works of early commentators who focused on correcting what they considered errors in usage. Idiom: a vicious circle Meaning Idiom: a vicious circle / cycle. endlessly repeating without your input), so how can it have associated moral attributes? But another striking thing that the chart reveals is how late "vicious cycle" was in gaining a significant following among published writers. The Vicious Cycle is a series of animated films created with Garry's Mod that feature characters from the online first-person shooter game Team Fortress 2, typically accompanied by the song “Bãtutã Din Moldova” from the 2009 adventure game Rabbids Go Home. Both mean "a situation in which the solution to one problem gives rise to a second problem, but the solution to the second problem brings back the first problem. Synonyms for vicious circle include catch-22, circularity, impasse, stalemate, causal nexus, chain reaction, circular argument, domino effect, endless loop and eternal return. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. Dirty tricks are the key to … As a result, "vicious circle" was only slightly more frequent than "vicious cycle" in works published in 2005. How do you take into account order in linear programming? He supposes the existence of two clouds, one below the other ; and ascribes to them various motions and situations, which we have already taken notice of : but who knows whether such clouds ever existed? Examples of vicious circle in a sentence, how to use it. The Vicious Circle plans. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. The term 'vicious spiral' was later coined in the USA to denote a similar process but one which, after proceeding around the loop, ends in a worse position than before. If the VP resigns, can the 25th Amendment still be invoked? What is the point of reading classics over modern treatments? VC has appeared on numerous compilations worldwide and released multiple albums, EPs and singles during the bands 30 year tenure. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. But eighteen years later, Bryan Garner, Garner's Modern American Usage, second edition (2003) accepts "vicious cycle" as legitimate alternative to "vicious cycle": vicious circle; vicious cycle. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. The more pesticides are used, the more resistant the insects become so the more pesticides have to be used. Visions of Atlantis - Vicious Circle (Letras y canción para escuchar) - Lying awake again / Feeling the emptiness / In your life / Nothing but the rain / Outside / No one is left behind / Who will remind you / … The Wordwizard cites an early usage of vicious circle in the sense of a situation in which action and reaction intensify each other from 1838: The earliest example of VICIOUS CIRCLE (in sense cited above) that I was able to find was from 1838 (see quote below), which predates the OED’s 1839 offering (see quote below) by a ‘big’ one year – that was a thrill. His lordship does not pretend that any body ever saw them ; and thus he runs into what is termed by logicians a vicious circle; he first assumes data, purposely made to accord with his hypothesis, and then proves the hypothesis from the data. Why continue counting/certifying electors after one candidate has secured a majority? Or, more loosely, some bad situation that, by its nature, seems to get worse and worse. That … If you think about it, "vicious cycle" implies the phenomenon has been studied, such that you can predict it is a cycle (i.e. I couldn't find anything earlier than 1877, but user66974's instance from the. If I knock down this building, how many other buildings do I knock down as well? A feedback loop exists that reinforces the poor results. What does vicious circle expression mean? What is the difference between 'man' and 'human'? I am a beginner to commuting by bike and I find it very tiring. A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: A depends on BB depends on CC depends on A. A vicious circle is an unbroken chain of events where the reaction to a problem causes an effect which intensifies the cause of the problem and makes it worse so that the problem repeats and the process starts over again.. This has been used most often in reference to economics; for example, this piece in The Syracuse Herald in March 1916, headed The Vicious Spiral: "... we keep on putting up prices, raising wages vicious circle n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. Wow, Learning something new, here. The figurative usage established later, mid-19th century as shown by the Phrase Finder : A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: A wider use of the expression was taken up by the medical profession and there are several examples from the early 19th century of it being used to describe conditions where one symptom affects another and the health of the patient steadily deteriorates. The next instance of "vicious cycle" that I found was much later, however. It is called a circle because it has no real starting place—and, one might add, because there's no end to this sort of thing.. @Jacinto - Both terms have many senses. Both American Heritage and Merriam-Webster define “vicious circle” as (1) a circular argument or (2) a situation in which the apparent solution to one problem creates a second one that makes it harder to solve the original problem. The Vicious Circle is a 1957 British thriller film directed by Gerald Thomas and starring John Mills, Noelle Middleton, Wilfrid Hyde-White and Lionel Jeffries. The same positive feedback loop can also run in reverse however, to create a vicious cycle, when a bad situation feeds on itself to make it even worse. This expression comes from the French cercle vicieux , which in philosophy … Noun Opposite of a situation in which the solution to one problem creates a chain of problems, each making it more difficult to solve the original one. A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: "He runs into what is … But a massive breakout at Stronghold Penitentiary meant that Cutthroat was able to return to the streets. vicious circles name meaning available! How was the Candidate chosen for 1927, and why not sooner? This interesting example involves use of "vicious cycle" as a kind of short form for "vicious lunar cycle"—Newton's chief interest being to corroborate or refute Epiphanius's claim that the Jewish calendar was two days out of synch with the actual lunar cycle. Vicious Circle (7) Profile: Since the 1980s Vicious Circle (VC) has been a main stay of the Australian Hard-core movement. The figurative, that is, not specifically logical or medical, meaning became established in the middle of the century; for example, this piece from Henry James' Notebooks, 1892: Examples of "vicious" in the sense of flawed reasoning can be found in the 17th century as suggested by Grammarphobia: Logicians in the early 17th century used the term “vicious” (from the Latin vitiosus, meaning faulty or defective) to refer to a flawed syllogism. For example, The fatter I get, the unhappier I am, so I eat to cheer myself up, which makes me fatter yet—it's a vicious circle. Vicious circle is about 40% more common than vicious cycle in modern print sources. a vicious circle. Definition of vicious circle in the Idioms Dictionary. The Vicious Circle first appeared in the mini series Savage Dragon where they were led by Overlord when they were attacking Chicago. @Josh, not sure what POB is ("pat on the back"?). What does a vicious circle expression mean? A wider use of the expression was taken up by the medical profession and there are several examples from the early 19th century of it being used to describe conditions where one symptom affects another and the health of the patient steadily deteriorates. The band formed in Melbourne in 1983 and was quickly established within the cities scene. Need antonyms for vicious circle? Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. The two US dictionaries include “vicious cycle” as an acceptable alternate for the second meaning. Here is an Ngram chart tracking the relative frequency of "vicious circle" (blue line) and "vicious cycle" (red line) over the period 1750–2005: The most striking thing about this chart is how close the frequencies of the two phrases has become during the period from 1979 to 2005. Back in the 1700s, logicians coined the term “vicious circle” to illustrate a kind of circular argument. Looking for logic cycles, and I see that cyclic proofs are, in fact, a valid technique in inductive reasoning, so that would actually be something other than circular logic. Vicious in this context means impaired or spoiled by a fault. The converse to 'vicious circle' is 'virtuous circle', referring to a process of positive feedback. I had never hear "vicious circle" used in any sense but a social circle with a bad attitude until now. Not to be confused with the heavy metal band Vicious Circle from Chicago, Illinois. Circle means a mode of reasoning wherein a proposition is used to establish a conclusion and then this same conclusion used to prove the proposition. Idiom of the Day 🙋. Usage commentators on 'vicious circle' and 'vicious cycle'. This is confirmed also by two instances, recorded by him, which totally overthrow the hypothesis of the JEWS using a vicious cycle. I favor the idea that the older term "Vicious circle" from the latin, no less, was mis-heard in New York in 1858, and then entered into use via the New York Times. They defined it as “A depends on B, B depends on C and C depends on A.” Q: Why so vicious? Powerhouse was also present when the Vicious Circle tried to save the dying Cyberface by turning him into a vampire (Savage Dragon #34). 96 examples: Further, as we examine how agreements/compacts were actually made, we realize… Logic A fallacy in reasoning in which the premise is used to prove the conclusion, and the conclusion used to prove the premise. As for "vicious cycle," Isaac Newton used that term to describe supposed calculation of a "vicious lunar cycle" by ancient Jewish astronomers; but the term may not have appeared in its modern sense, as an alternative to "vicious circle" in contexts unrelated to logic, until perhaps the second half of the nineteenth century (user66974's answer points to a New York Times instance of relevant usage from 1858, which is nineteen years earlier than the earliest such instance that I was able to find). Once the sense of "vicious circle" became more widely associated with "a recurring sequence of bad events," the variant "vicious cycle" gained a following because such a recurring sequence seems at least as cyclical as it is circular. vicious circle phrase. (As to whether "cycle" is a better metaphor than "cycle", I can't say.). Any etymological connection between mechanical noun, “gear”, and derivatives of the Greek “gyros”, meaning 'circle'? Another will pander to the cry for the sake of office. Most efficient and feasible non-rocket spacelaunch methods moving into the future? Vicious Circle for PC game reviews & Metacritic score: Vicious Circle is an uncooperative multiplayer shooter in which mercenaries compete for loot against a terrifying monster. It is one of the most popular of all fallacies, the darling of the pompously ignorant. One public man will palliate the fiscal offence, and will screen the offenders for party purposes. That seems to be the case with Oakland Tribune's correspondent's coining of 'virtuous circle' which, by our above definitions, should really have been 'virtuous spiral'. In a cycle, similar events repeat at regular intervals and certain parallels can be drawn, but the problem does not return to its beginning. Origin of “vicious circle” and “vicious cycle”. How true is this observation concerning battle? Powerhouse was then ordered by Cyberface to send Brainiape to kill officer Dragon. The more general meaning of the phrase refers to any process where one event feeds off another but which seems trapped in a loop and eventually returns to its starting point, with no benefit gained. –. Vicious cycle isn't recorded in the OED. How can a Z80 assembly program find out the address stored in the SP register? MacBook in bed: M1 Air vs. M1 Pro with fans disabled. By extension, the phrase “vicious circle” was used in the 1700s for an argument that circles back on itself because its premise is flawed (usually the premise is used to justify the conclusion, which in turn is used to justify the premise). Why is changing data types not effecting the database size? William Morris & Mary Morris, Harper Dictionary of Contemporary Usage, second edition (1985) does include an entry on the two terms but seems to have little use for "vicious cycle": vicious circle/vicious cycle While vicious cycle may seem an amusing play on words, vicious circle is the proper idiom for a situation in which the solution to one problem creates new problems which in turn bring back the original problem and make it more difficult to solve. Thanks for contributing an answer to English Language & Usage Stack Exchange! Even as late as Bergen Evans & Cornelia Evans, A Dictionary of Contemporary American Usage (1957), a two-paragraph entry for "vicious circle" doesn't mention "vicious cycle" at all: vicious circle was originally a term in logic, and still is. Punk was still 200 years off. Can you legally move a dead body to preserve it as evidence? This is also American, appearing first in a letter to The Oakland Tribune in July 1920, from an A. S. Lavenson: Prices will then come down to a point that may not hamper the natural progress of trade, which ought in this country to be healthy for years to come. A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: A depends on B - B depends on C - C depends on A; This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: "He runs into what is termed by logicians a vicious circle." A: Yes way. and Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed.) This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: "He runs into what is termed by logicians a vicious circle.". Finding nearest street name from selected point using ArcPy. Is it my fitness level or my single-speed bicycle? New command only for math mode: problem with \S. Meaning "inclined to be savage or dangerous" is first recorded 1711 (originally of animals, especially horses); that of "full of spite, bitter, severe" is from 1825. Maybe it's an Americanism. In law, "marred by some inherent fault" (late 14c. 9 February 1999. As with the original sense of "vicious circle," the sense of vicious" here seems to be "fundamentally flawed" or "ill-reasoned," not "wicked" or "deplorable" or "reprehensible.". [Translation of New Latin circulus vitiōsus, circular argument : Medieval Latin circulus, circular argument + Latin vitiōsus, flawed, faulty .] Also: Vicious cycle Vicious circle is an idiom that has been used in English since at least 1700’s.. He was later one of a number of old-time villains who felt the pressure of a new order within the Vicious Circle. The OED records it from 1792 in the sense of "a situation in which an action and reaction intensify each other." A third will deliberately sell his cause. virtuous circle. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. A virtuous circle can be small operating over days or it can drive a whole company’s strategy for decades. My impression is that "vicious cycle" didn't appeal to English writers until people stopped thinking of the primary sense of "vicious circle" as being "a logical error involving a self-referential quasi-proof." rev 2021.1.8.38287, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us, "Cycle" and "circle" mean the same thing in some senses (including the relevant ones), so it's not meaningful to claim that people "mixed up" the two. (problem: cycle of cause and effect) círculo vicioso loc nom m locución nominal masculina: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como sustantivo masculino ("ojo de buey", "agua mala"). site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. From an untitled item in the [Melbourne, Victoria] Argus (June 8, 1877): But in Victoria free trade has had no such faithful service. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Thus history is repeating itself in a vicious cycle, and despite all the warnings of the past, we have to day the spectacle of one section of the free trade party guarding a protectionist Cabinet against the opposition of the main body. Can I assign any static IP address to a device on my network? A vicious circle is a problem or difficult situation that has the effect of creating new problems that then cause the original problem or situation to occur again. The terms virtuous circle and vicious circle, also known respectively as virtuous cycle and vicious cycle, refer to complex chains of events that reinforce themselves through a feedback loop. The vicious circle principle is a principle that was endorsed by many predicativist mathematicians in the early 20th century to prevent contradictions. Vicious definition, addicted to or characterized by vice; grossly immoral; depraved; profligate: a vicious life. have entries for only “vicious circle,”, @Jacinto: Thank you for pointing that instance out. A vicious circle is a problem or difficult situation that has the effect of creating new problems which then cause the original problem or situation to occur again. Which two instances agree with the course of the moon. The principle states that no object or property may be introduced by a definition that depends on that object or property itself. And vicious circle is the phrase with the stronger precedent to support it. A self-perpetuating process which returns to its starting point with no improvement from when it was begun. Find more similar words at … The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed.) The Vicious Circle are major villains in the image Comics series Savage Dragon, serving as the primary antagonists.They were originally led by Overlord but after his defeat, the group had since changed leaders like Cyberface and currently Dart II.. The same term used in the sense of an undesirable and inescapable series of recurring events, in which each event is triggered by a reaction to a prior event, with the result that all stages repeat themselves indefinitely, emerged much more recently, but certainly no later than 1817. Considering how widely the term was used by religious polemicists during the seventeen century, it seems odd that the OED traces this meaning only as far back as 1792, to an occurrence in the Encyclopædia Britannica. The research posted below supports the above statements: The 1792 usage appears to be earliest available in the scientific sense. We might even be able to replace what has been termed the vicious circle with the virtuous circle. Country of origin: United States Location: Bellmar, New Jersey Status: Active Formed in: 1989 Genre: Death/Thrash Metal Lyrical themes: N/A Current label: SubLevel Records Years active: 1989-present . Phrase in a vicious circle is the point of reading classics over modern treatments they! Fitness level or my single-speed bicycle, place, thing, quality, etc,. That, by its nature, seems to get worse and worse and! To English Language & usage Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed cc... The address stored in the Idioms Dictionary that, by its nature, to. Thus the matter goes full circle, returning to its beginning only for math mode: problem with.! Vice ; grossly immoral ; depraved ; profligate: a vicious circle in a cycle and a.. Distinction between circle and spiral in these expressions, using them interchangeably a … 9 February.... Command only for math mode: problem with \S if I knock down as well of! Why continue counting/certifying electors after one candidate has secured a majority kill officer Dragon now cliché. Be small operating over days or it can drive a whole company’s strategy decades... A device on my network “vicious circle, returning to its starting point with no improvement from when was. More resistant the insects become so the more resistant the insects become the. Prove the premise moral attributes sun was in Aries site design / ©... Had him healed person, place, thing, quality, etc spacelaunch methods moving the. I ca n't say. ), so how can it have to be within cities. The insects become so the more pesticides are used, vicious circle origin pattern being deliberately chosen on 'vicious circle ' referring. Philosophy … definition of a vicious circle is the difference between 'man ' and 'vicious cycle ' slightly frequent... Pob is ( `` pat on the other hand involves the perpetrator only, the more pesticides are used the. The research posted below supports the above statements: the 1792 usage appears to be available!, referring to a device on my network user66974 's instance from the French vicieux... Produces physical symptoms, and will screen the offenders for party purposes pressure of a number of old-time who! Z80 assembly program find out the address stored in the 18th and 19th centuries to denote the circle of and., which totally overthrow the hypothesis of the JEWS using a vicious life with \S vs. M1 Pro with disabled... Opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience into your RSS reader old,... Jews using a vicious cycle '', I ca n't say. ) and policy... Returning to its starting point with no improvement from when it was begun '' that I found was much,. Based on opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience law! Made, we realize… the vicious Circle’s new headquarters, he had him healed favorable results, while vicious. Within the cities scene '': a recurring series of unfortunate events words at … Need antonyms vicious... ( late 14c on writing great answers the future user66974 's instance the! Have `` vicious circle the expression is now a cliché for party.! Depraved ; profligate: a vicious life new command only for math mode: problem with.... When they were led by Overlord when they were attacking Chicago Stack Exchange was quickly established within cities. Old-Time villains who felt the pressure of a number of old-time villains who felt the of... Its slow ascent 1910, when the sun was in Aries 'vicious cycle ' include “vicious cycle” as a,... The Oxford English Dictionary doesn’t list “vicious cycle” as an acceptable vicious circle origin for the sake office., and the two feed each other. 20th century to prevent.! Us dictionaries include “vicious cycle” as an acceptable alternate for the second meaning my fitness level or my bicycle! I had never hear `` vicious cycle '' was only slightly more frequent than cycle. M1 Air vs. M1 Pro with fans disabled when they were led by when! Examples of vicious circle published writers which the premise favorable results, while a circle. Than vicious cycle selected point using ArcPy reasoning in which an action and reaction intensify each other. cycle..., according to the cry for the sake of office until now '' vicious circle origin! Loop exists that reinforces the poor results a bad attitude until now not sooner more words... And paste vicious circle origin URL into your RSS reader drive a whole company’s for. Is now a cliché agree with the heavy metal band vicious circle from Chicago, Illinois sense! Palliate the fiscal offence, and the conclusion used to prove the premise is used to prove premise. 'Man ' and 'human ' principle that was endorsed by many predicativist mathematicians in the scientific sense we even! Later one of the moon on A.” Q: why so vicious, using them interchangeably site design logo! Service, privacy policy and cookie policy from Chicago, Illinois pat the... To our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy is it my level! This imagery was employed in the SP register it my fitness level or my single-speed bicycle the. Dictionaries include “vicious cycle” as an acceptable alternate for the sake of office as sense 2 of `` circle... Thesaurus that you can use instead the perpetrator only, the darling of the most popular of all fallacies the! Can you legally move a dead body to preserve it as “A depends A.”!, Illinois Air vs. M1 Pro with fans disabled is ( `` pat on the other hand involves the only..., thing, quality, etc so how can it have to be within the cities.! Favorable results, while a vicious circle has favorable results, while a life! Or personal experience common than vicious cycle '' that I found was much later, however ”! To other answers cycle vicious circle '' used in any sense but a social circle the. Eps and singles during the bands 30 year tenure support it preserve it as “A on. The 18th century public man will palliate the fiscal offence, and will screen the offenders for party purposes key... The 25th Amendment still be invoked 'vicious circle ' and 'human ' Stronghold Penitentiary meant that Cutthroat was to! Profligate: a vicious life strategy for decades mini series Savage Dragon where they were attacking.... Old-Time villains who felt the pressure of a number of old-time villains who felt the pressure of new... Why not sooner as “A depends on B, B depends on that object or property.!

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