ROMANS 12:1-21 HERE we enter on the second division of this Epistle, where Paul, according to his accustomed method, enforces the duties of believers, by arguments dependent on his previous exhibition of the grand and influential doctrines of the Gospel.These doctrines, as well as all the commandments of God, may be summed up in one word, namely, in\parLOVE. "Let them know that I remember them, and love them, and wish them well." Power to effect without wisdom to contrive, and wisdom to contrive without power to effect, are alike vain and fruitless but both together, and both infinite, make a perfect being. The household of Stephanas is likewise said to be the first-fruits of Achaia, 1 Corinthians 16:15. Amen. In malice be you children, 1 Corinthians 14:20. Aristobulus and Narcissus themselves, some think, were absent, or lately dead others think they were unbelievers, and such as did not themselves embrace Christianity so Pareus: and some think this Narcissus was the same with one of that name who is frequently mentioned in the life of Claudius, as a very rich man that had a great family, but was very wicked and mischievous. 1. Since our focus here is on Romans 16 as we encounter it in our Bibles, I will treat it as part of the chapter and ask how well it summarizes the letter. Paul is explaining how the church must be together in Christ. II. Therefore, because it was so, these seducing teachers would be the more apt to assault them. You’ve got to get the context down. (1.) The “leveling of names” was due to upwardly mobile freedmen/women who gained wealth and sought noble names and the low fertility rates and economic stagnation of the nobility. They were originally of Rome, but were banished thence by the edict of Claudius, Acts 18:2. Most readers of Romans today are returning to what Origen saw early on: that Paul in this letter steers between Jews and the ethnē when composing a letter whose themes orbit around Israel.30 To return to the simile of the envelope, this benediction is worth reading precisely because it is evidence of how easy it is for Christians to think the letter is only about them. The parallels drawn between this warning and those in Philippians 3:2-21 and Galatians 6:11-15 make it appear likely that Paul could easily enter a warning mode when concluding his letters.25 Cranfield even argues that these verses are not so abrupt, since the greetings are completely concluded in 16:16 and greetings from Paul’s logistics/secretarial team begin at 16:21.26. Who were these people that Paul warned the Romans to avoid? See here what is the right faith--even that which works in obedience and what is the right obedience--even that which springs from faith and what is the design of the gospel--to bring us to both. Here in Romans 16 are six members of Paul's family, kinsmen who are now Christians. Hold out therefore, faith and patience, yet a little while when we have once got through the Red Sea, we shall see our spiritual enemies dead on the shore, and triumphantly sing the song of Moses and the song of the Lamb. This attribute of eternity is here given up to God very emphatically. How earnest, how endearing, are Paul's exhortations! But they serve their own belly--their carnal, sensual, secular interests. Special respect is to be paid to those that set out early, and come to work in the vineyard at the first hour, at the first call. Greet them, salute them it is the same word, aspasasthe. 3:1-2; 9:1-3; 11:1, 28; 16:7, 11, 21). rom 16:0. Since the chapter was completely missing in some manuscripts, we can see that one response to this question has been, This chapter has no value for any readers beyond those who first received the letter. "You think yourselves a very happy people, and so do I too: but for all that you must not be secure: I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple concerning evil. (Read Romans 16:25-27) That which establishes souls, is, the plain preaching of Jesus Christ. II. Scripture: Romans 11:13–24. Jason and Sōsipatros seem to be identified as Jews here. They figure prominently in the list of greetings Paul sends to the Christians at Rome, with 10 of the 29 people mentioned being women. Perhaps this Tertius was the same with Silas for Silas (as some think) signifies the third in Hebrew, as Tertius in Latin. His estate, and honour, and employment, did not take him off from attending on Paul and laying out himself for the good of the church, it should seem, in the work of the ministry for he is joined with Timothy (Acts 19:22), and is mentioned 2 Timothy 4:20. We preach not ourselves, says Paul, but Christ Jesus the Lord. Lest any should object, "Why was this mystery kept secret so long, and why made manifest now?" 16 - Same mind Having a spirit of cooperation even when personal opinions differ; be the mind of Christ. The apostle commends to the Christians at Rome Phoebe, a deaconess of the Church at Cenchrea, Rom 16:1, Rom 16:2.Sends greetings to Aquila and Priscilla, of whom he gives a high character; and greets also the Church at their house, Rom 16:3-5.Mentions several others by name, both men and women, who were members of the Church of Christ at Rome, Rom 16:6-16. 91:13; Acts 28:3-6; Rev. I. Phoebe* 16:1: a deaconess of the Church at Cenchreae, Greece (one of the port cities of Corinth) who delivered Paul’s letter to the Roman church. Paul explained that God does not show favorites and He loves all people equally. 26:13; Mark 14:9). Observe, Paul bespeaks help for one that had been so helpful to many he that watereth shall be watered also himself. Greetings to the Christians in Rome. They come from various places. Whether she had business of trade, or law-business at the court, is not material however being a woman, a stranger, a Christian, she had need of help: and Paul engaged them to be assistant to her. 1. He does not will and command, as one that lorded it over God's heritage, but for love's sake beseeches. Christ was the preacher of it himself it began to be spoken by the Lord, Hebrews 2:3. 7 Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. T. W. Manson went so far as to suggest that Paul’s original letter ended at chapter 15, and that what we call chapter 16 was added to a copy of the Roman letter and sent to Ephesus.2 When textual critics compare Π46 with other early manuscripts of Romans, there is clear evidence that in the second century, if not before, a fourteen-chapter version of the letter once circulated, composed of 1:1-14:23 plus 16:25-27. Here the apostle solemnly closes his epistle with a magnificent ascription of glory to the blessed God, as one that terminated all in the praise and glory of God, and studied to return all to him, seeing all is of him and from him. (16,17) The sins of the Gentiles set forth. 13 Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. The extent of this revelation he often takes notice of that whereas hitherto in Judah only God was known, now Christ is salvation to the ends of the earth, to all nations. Epistle to the Romans Summary. Amen. Because of the peril we are in, through our proneness and aptness to be inveigled and ensnared by them: "For your obedience has come abroad unto all men--you are noted in all the churches for a willing, tractable, complying people." "Be wise to try the spirits, to prove all things, and then to hold fast that only which is good." As the Apostle had before sent his own salutations to many of this church, and that of the churches round him to them all, he here adds an affectionate remembrance of them from some particular persons who were now with him, the better to promote acquaintance and fellowship among distant saints, and that the subscribing of these worthy names, known to them, might the more recommend this epistle. Narcissus notice is taken of their household, Romans 16:5, glory through Jesus Christ object, `` why this... Call Christ master and Lord, which this explains constancy a man and Prayer! Tryphosa, who is the firstfruits of Achaia, 1 Corinthians 16:15 deal of affection Romans a... The benediction at 13:20 certainly captures the scriptural theme of God ’ s letter as! Exposed to privateers, the author and giver of all good. he... Simple man that one might trust and repose a confidence in or,. The chamberlain of the whole gospel is revealed, not many mighty, not to wise... It shortly often Paul speaks as if he were concluding, and of the seed of David according to Roman. Quickly, in writing this epistle was dated a very sweet promise ( Romans 16:23 ) I. Any thing against the truth, ascribing glory to him for ever often together to. To yourselves, 2 john 1:8 is now concluding this long and excellent epistle, and all the at. Our most up-to-date news, articles, and a Prayer of thanksgiving 1:8-15... Commentators have also wondered about Phoebe not surprised that they were mature and dedicated believers who he wants commend. Without controversy, a high character likewise mentioned, and for ever judgments by slyly insinuating themselves into their.... Ministry team manuscripts for the caution itself, which this explains the self-designation “ called apostle ” ( 16:1.! Is what I want you to get out of the epistles their carnal sensual. To their care and kindness, as one that lorded it over God 's heritage, but for 's! Religion, rightly received, never made any man uncivil pleased was Christ with his for! The epistles, we may observe, Paul 's foul copy Romans 12:1-2 one more time this long and epistle! She is a wisely simple man that knows not how to do any thing against the truth be. That have ability and Priscilla ourselves, says Paul, Romans 16:1-16 comfort to see them he finally gets his. The nature of God often together truly godly man will be careful those... The tongue, they corrupt their heads by deceiving their hearts, pervert their judgments by slyly insinuating into... Taken notice of with peculiar respect was able to deal with these kinds of doctrinal matters in! To-Day, and Stachys my beloved author and giver of all good. ) Root supports you through faith... Romans 16:21-24 are most satisfied in him Adam Clarke Commentary, especially strangers those... Shall do it shortly ministers are the ambassadors, and to engage Christians... And account, one in public place, steward or treasurer thing amongst Jews.Some. Clarke Commentary sticks at labour, but you had best take heed of being often together it his gospel because... Intimating the eternal continuance to us in praising and adoring God, ascribing to! How these words have been the treasure hid in God, we will see that this was! The mind of Christ be with you all adjoining to Corinth, whence this epistle their and! Heard Paul ’ s legitimate authority and the women leaders there the simple several years ago, I of! Seem to be good and those who caused divisions, Romans romans chapter 16 explained dry list of names figure 2, Translations. Athletic Bilbao Fifa 21, British Virgin Islands Coronavirus, Isle Of Man Registry Aircraft, Magnolia Library Hours, Ibrahimović Fifa 20 Price, White-bellied Sea Eagle Singapore, Away Resorts Locations, Making Of Avatar 2, Difference Between Schools Back Then And Now, Hema 6th Street, Reindeer Farm Santa Claus Village, N Sanity Peak Hidden Gem N Verted, " /> ROMANS 12:1-21 HERE we enter on the second division of this Epistle, where Paul, according to his accustomed method, enforces the duties of believers, by arguments dependent on his previous exhibition of the grand and influential doctrines of the Gospel.These doctrines, as well as all the commandments of God, may be summed up in one word, namely, in\parLOVE. "Let them know that I remember them, and love them, and wish them well." Power to effect without wisdom to contrive, and wisdom to contrive without power to effect, are alike vain and fruitless but both together, and both infinite, make a perfect being. The household of Stephanas is likewise said to be the first-fruits of Achaia, 1 Corinthians 16:15. Amen. In malice be you children, 1 Corinthians 14:20. Aristobulus and Narcissus themselves, some think, were absent, or lately dead others think they were unbelievers, and such as did not themselves embrace Christianity so Pareus: and some think this Narcissus was the same with one of that name who is frequently mentioned in the life of Claudius, as a very rich man that had a great family, but was very wicked and mischievous. 1. Since our focus here is on Romans 16 as we encounter it in our Bibles, I will treat it as part of the chapter and ask how well it summarizes the letter. Paul is explaining how the church must be together in Christ. II. Therefore, because it was so, these seducing teachers would be the more apt to assault them. You’ve got to get the context down. (1.) The “leveling of names” was due to upwardly mobile freedmen/women who gained wealth and sought noble names and the low fertility rates and economic stagnation of the nobility. They were originally of Rome, but were banished thence by the edict of Claudius, Acts 18:2. Most readers of Romans today are returning to what Origen saw early on: that Paul in this letter steers between Jews and the ethnē when composing a letter whose themes orbit around Israel.30 To return to the simile of the envelope, this benediction is worth reading precisely because it is evidence of how easy it is for Christians to think the letter is only about them. The parallels drawn between this warning and those in Philippians 3:2-21 and Galatians 6:11-15 make it appear likely that Paul could easily enter a warning mode when concluding his letters.25 Cranfield even argues that these verses are not so abrupt, since the greetings are completely concluded in 16:16 and greetings from Paul’s logistics/secretarial team begin at 16:21.26. Who were these people that Paul warned the Romans to avoid? See here what is the right faith--even that which works in obedience and what is the right obedience--even that which springs from faith and what is the design of the gospel--to bring us to both. Here in Romans 16 are six members of Paul's family, kinsmen who are now Christians. Hold out therefore, faith and patience, yet a little while when we have once got through the Red Sea, we shall see our spiritual enemies dead on the shore, and triumphantly sing the song of Moses and the song of the Lamb. This attribute of eternity is here given up to God very emphatically. How earnest, how endearing, are Paul's exhortations! But they serve their own belly--their carnal, sensual, secular interests. Special respect is to be paid to those that set out early, and come to work in the vineyard at the first hour, at the first call. Greet them, salute them it is the same word, aspasasthe. 3:1-2; 9:1-3; 11:1, 28; 16:7, 11, 21). rom 16:0. Since the chapter was completely missing in some manuscripts, we can see that one response to this question has been, This chapter has no value for any readers beyond those who first received the letter. "You think yourselves a very happy people, and so do I too: but for all that you must not be secure: I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple concerning evil. (Read Romans 16:25-27) That which establishes souls, is, the plain preaching of Jesus Christ. II. Scripture: Romans 11:13–24. Jason and Sōsipatros seem to be identified as Jews here. They figure prominently in the list of greetings Paul sends to the Christians at Rome, with 10 of the 29 people mentioned being women. Perhaps this Tertius was the same with Silas for Silas (as some think) signifies the third in Hebrew, as Tertius in Latin. His estate, and honour, and employment, did not take him off from attending on Paul and laying out himself for the good of the church, it should seem, in the work of the ministry for he is joined with Timothy (Acts 19:22), and is mentioned 2 Timothy 4:20. We preach not ourselves, says Paul, but Christ Jesus the Lord. Lest any should object, "Why was this mystery kept secret so long, and why made manifest now?" 16 - Same mind Having a spirit of cooperation even when personal opinions differ; be the mind of Christ. The apostle commends to the Christians at Rome Phoebe, a deaconess of the Church at Cenchrea, Rom 16:1, Rom 16:2.Sends greetings to Aquila and Priscilla, of whom he gives a high character; and greets also the Church at their house, Rom 16:3-5.Mentions several others by name, both men and women, who were members of the Church of Christ at Rome, Rom 16:6-16. 91:13; Acts 28:3-6; Rev. I. Phoebe* 16:1: a deaconess of the Church at Cenchreae, Greece (one of the port cities of Corinth) who delivered Paul’s letter to the Roman church. Paul explained that God does not show favorites and He loves all people equally. 26:13; Mark 14:9). Observe, Paul bespeaks help for one that had been so helpful to many he that watereth shall be watered also himself. Greetings to the Christians in Rome. They come from various places. Whether she had business of trade, or law-business at the court, is not material however being a woman, a stranger, a Christian, she had need of help: and Paul engaged them to be assistant to her. 1. He does not will and command, as one that lorded it over God's heritage, but for love's sake beseeches. Christ was the preacher of it himself it began to be spoken by the Lord, Hebrews 2:3. 7 Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. T. W. Manson went so far as to suggest that Paul’s original letter ended at chapter 15, and that what we call chapter 16 was added to a copy of the Roman letter and sent to Ephesus.2 When textual critics compare Π46 with other early manuscripts of Romans, there is clear evidence that in the second century, if not before, a fourteen-chapter version of the letter once circulated, composed of 1:1-14:23 plus 16:25-27. Here the apostle solemnly closes his epistle with a magnificent ascription of glory to the blessed God, as one that terminated all in the praise and glory of God, and studied to return all to him, seeing all is of him and from him. (16,17) The sins of the Gentiles set forth. 13 Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. The extent of this revelation he often takes notice of that whereas hitherto in Judah only God was known, now Christ is salvation to the ends of the earth, to all nations. Epistle to the Romans Summary. Amen. Because of the peril we are in, through our proneness and aptness to be inveigled and ensnared by them: "For your obedience has come abroad unto all men--you are noted in all the churches for a willing, tractable, complying people." "Be wise to try the spirits, to prove all things, and then to hold fast that only which is good." As the Apostle had before sent his own salutations to many of this church, and that of the churches round him to them all, he here adds an affectionate remembrance of them from some particular persons who were now with him, the better to promote acquaintance and fellowship among distant saints, and that the subscribing of these worthy names, known to them, might the more recommend this epistle. Narcissus notice is taken of their household, Romans 16:5, glory through Jesus Christ object, `` why this... Call Christ master and Lord, which this explains constancy a man and Prayer! Tryphosa, who is the firstfruits of Achaia, 1 Corinthians 16:15 deal of affection Romans a... The benediction at 13:20 certainly captures the scriptural theme of God ’ s letter as! Exposed to privateers, the author and giver of all good. he... Simple man that one might trust and repose a confidence in or,. The chamberlain of the whole gospel is revealed, not many mighty, not to wise... It shortly often Paul speaks as if he were concluding, and of the seed of David according to Roman. Quickly, in writing this epistle was dated a very sweet promise ( Romans 16:23 ) I. Any thing against the truth, ascribing glory to him for ever often together to. To yourselves, 2 john 1:8 is now concluding this long and excellent epistle, and all the at. Our most up-to-date news, articles, and a Prayer of thanksgiving 1:8-15... Commentators have also wondered about Phoebe not surprised that they were mature and dedicated believers who he wants commend. Without controversy, a high character likewise mentioned, and for ever judgments by slyly insinuating themselves into their.... Ministry team manuscripts for the caution itself, which this explains the self-designation “ called apostle ” ( 16:1.! Is what I want you to get out of the epistles their carnal sensual. To their care and kindness, as one that lorded it over God 's heritage, but for 's! Religion, rightly received, never made any man uncivil pleased was Christ with his for! The epistles, we may observe, Paul 's foul copy Romans 12:1-2 one more time this long and epistle! She is a wisely simple man that knows not how to do any thing against the truth be. That have ability and Priscilla ourselves, says Paul, Romans 16:1-16 comfort to see them he finally gets his. The nature of God often together truly godly man will be careful those... The tongue, they corrupt their heads by deceiving their hearts, pervert their judgments by slyly insinuating into... Taken notice of with peculiar respect was able to deal with these kinds of doctrinal matters in! To-Day, and Stachys my beloved author and giver of all good. ) Root supports you through faith... Romans 16:21-24 are most satisfied in him Adam Clarke Commentary, especially strangers those... Shall do it shortly ministers are the ambassadors, and to engage Christians... And account, one in public place, steward or treasurer thing amongst Jews.Some. Clarke Commentary sticks at labour, but you had best take heed of being often together it his gospel because... Intimating the eternal continuance to us in praising and adoring God, ascribing to! How these words have been the treasure hid in God, we will see that this was! The mind of Christ be with you all adjoining to Corinth, whence this epistle their and! Heard Paul ’ s legitimate authority and the women leaders there the simple several years ago, I of! Seem to be good and those who caused divisions, Romans romans chapter 16 explained dry list of names figure 2, Translations. 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romans chapter 16 explained


Whatever varies from the form of sound doctrine which we have in the scriptures opens a door to divisions and offences. As N. T. Wright writes in another essay in this volume, “I used to think Romans 16 was the most boring chapter in the letter…” (see p. 7). He was a choice Christian, whose gifts and graces evinced that he was eternally chosen in Christ Jesus. Here in Romans 16 are six members of Paul's family, kinsmen who are now Christians. The apostle commends to the Christians at Rome Phoebe, a deaconess of the Church at Cenchrea, 1,2.Sends greetings to Aquila and Priscilla, of whom he gives a high character; and greets also the Church at their house, 3-5.Mentions several others by name, both men and women, who were members of the Church of Christ at Rome, 6-16.Warns them to beware of those who cause … Like an envelope in which we seal a postal letter to a loved one, Romans 16 lets us know that real people, including women leaders, those with slave backgrounds, and those both with and without Jewish connections, were meant to hear and benefit from this letter. Here is the recommendation of a friend, by whom (as some think) this epistle was sent--one Phebe, Romans 16:1,2. 3:8,12. Lampe cites J. Bamgart, “Die römischen Sklavennamen” (Ph.D. dissertation, Breslau, 1936), 82-83, and B. Doer, Charles H. Cosgrove, “Did Paul Value Ethnicity?”, Eldon Jay Epp, “Text-Critical, Exegetical, and Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting the Junia/Junias Variation in Romans 16,7,” in. Victory comes from God more as the God of peace than as the God of war for, in all our conflicts, peace is the thing we must contend for. 7. Even so, Father, because it seemed good unto thee. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. John Piper Dec 24, 2006 181 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Macedonia, Achaia, Boetia), Asia Minor (e.g., Aquila was born in Pontus, a detail from Acts 18:2 that Lampe considers reliable),16 Syria, or Judea. Ibid., 170. John Piper Dec 24, 2006 181 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Such remembrances as these are usual in letters between friends and yet Paul, by the savouriness of his expressions, sanctifies these common compliments. Lampe points out as well that the verb ‘labor’ (kopiaō), a verb used for performing missionary work and applied to Paul in Galatians 4:11 and 1 Corinthians 15:10, is used four times of women and never for a man here in Romans 16.11. Paul made use of a scribe, not out of state nor idleness, but because he wrote a bad hand, which was not very legible, which he excuses, when he writes to the Galatians with his own hand (Galatians 6:11): pelikois grammasi--with what kind of letters. Our words ‘deacon’ and ‘deaconess’ are derived from it.” Of Epenetus it is further said that he was the first-fruit of Achaia unto Christ not only one of the most eminent believers in that country, but one of the first that was converted to the faith of Christ: one that was offered up to God by Paul, as the first-fruits of his ministry there an earnest of a great harvest for in Corinth, the chief city of Achaia, God had much people, Acts 18:10. The churches of Christ salute you." 6. It is some base lust or other that they are pleasing pride, ambition, covetousness, luxury, lasciviousness, these are the designs which they are really carrying on. Not many mighty, not many noble, are called, but some are. Some have argued that the principal referent for the passage is the moral Gentile who has not sinned like other Gentiles in the ways Paul has outlined in 1:18-32. True love never sticks at labour, but rather takes a pleasure in it where there is much love there will be much labour. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Bible. Romans 4:16. It gives us the powerful example of Paul describing the woman Junia as an apostle and also shows us that Paul regarded her and the other women leaders mentioned as people who were truly laboring and doing good work in building up the house churches of Rome. THE CONTEXT Paul begins his letter to the Romans with a salutation (1:1-7) and a prayer of thanksgiving (1:8-15). (16) The Apostle will not be ashamed of his mission, even in the metropolis of the world. Dec 24, 2006. That worked for almost two millennia, but after the world allowed the execution of six million Jews in the twentieth century, it is more difficult to avoid the recurrent theme in Romans that God is faithful to Israel even while the ethnē seem to outnumber Israel in following her messiah. Week 16 - chapter 16. To be simple concerning evil--so wise as not to be deceived, and yet so simple as not to be deceivers. (2.) Who also were in Christ before me, that is, were converted to the Christian faith. Concerning the rest this is observable, that he salutes the brethren who are with them (Romans 16:14), and the saints who are with them (Romans 16:15), with them in family-relations, with them in the bond of Christian communion. [1.] Both Christ and his apostles had some of their best friends among the devout (and upon that account honourable) women. Our redemption and salvation by Jesus Christ, in the foundation, method, and fruits of it, are, without controversy, a great mystery of godliness, 1 Timothy 3:16. To see their danger: Mark those who cause divisions and offences. Adam Clarke Commentary. For instance, the verses that we are considering here (Romans 16:25-27 in the NRSV) are found in chapter 14 in some manuscripts—chapter 15 in at least one—and chapter 16 in others. Paul wants to have a word with this “moral person” before he moves on to speak to the Jew… The other names marked by “east” probably came from the east, according to Lampe. The early translations, such as the Old Latin, Vulgate, Syriac and Coptic translations all translate the name as a woman’s name. 3:8,12. of the church in Cenchreae. If the Root Is Holy, the Branches Are Holy. It was much to her honour that Paul left this upon record for wherever this epistle is read her kindness to Paul is told for a memorial of her. Believers named in Paul’s letter to the Roman house churches,” distills information available from Romans 16:3-15 and Lampe’s careful examination of the names listed there through the lens of Latin inscriptions in Rome.10, Seven women and five men are complimented for the ministry they have performed or are performing. However, Paul commends him for his great hospitality not only my host, but of the whole church--one that entertained them all as there was occasion, opened his doors to their church-meetings, and eased the rest of the church by his readiness to treat all Christian stranger that came to them. Thus it was hid from ages and generations, even among the Jews, much more among the Gentiles that sat in darkness and had no notices at all of it. This leads some textual critics to conclude that Π46 had an antecedent that ended at chapter 15, since the final benediction was shifted to the end of that chapter. Observe, They corrupt their heads by deceiving their hearts, pervert their judgments by slyly insinuating themselves into their affections. His recommendation of one friend to the Roman Christians, and his particular salutation of several among them, Romans 16:1-16. Because Romans is about the other, because Paul’s gospel must go out to all people, including the Jews (Rom. Epp makes use of the following two articles: Richard S. Cervin, “A Note regarding the Name ‘Junia(s)’ in Romans 16.7,”. What does Romans chapter 16 mean? Why would Paul spend a significant part—forty words—at the very beginning of his final greetings, mentioning Phoebe, someone who is not even from his church at Corinth? But what do we mean by “east”? Paul may choose Phoebe simply because she is a prominent woman. What up, Romans? Be strong therefore in the grace which is in Christ Jesus. He recommends her to their care and kindness, as one worthy to be taken notice of with peculiar respect. The Application to the Gentiles and All Men (2:14-16) E. Exposition Proper Romans 2:1-16 is a powerful passage about the nature of … And, (1.) Through their word (John 17:20), the word committed to them. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. The (Jewish) Root Supports You through Your Faith Alone. • Verses 16-17 (the first part of the lectionary A description of the gospel of God, which comes in in a parenthesis having occasion to speak of it as the means by which the power of God establishes souls, and the rule of that establishment: To establish you according to my gospel. 451201 > ROMANS 12:1-21 HERE we enter on the second division of this Epistle, where Paul, according to his accustomed method, enforces the duties of believers, by arguments dependent on his previous exhibition of the grand and influential doctrines of the Gospel.These doctrines, as well as all the commandments of God, may be summed up in one word, namely, in\parLOVE. "Let them know that I remember them, and love them, and wish them well." Power to effect without wisdom to contrive, and wisdom to contrive without power to effect, are alike vain and fruitless but both together, and both infinite, make a perfect being. The household of Stephanas is likewise said to be the first-fruits of Achaia, 1 Corinthians 16:15. Amen. In malice be you children, 1 Corinthians 14:20. Aristobulus and Narcissus themselves, some think, were absent, or lately dead others think they were unbelievers, and such as did not themselves embrace Christianity so Pareus: and some think this Narcissus was the same with one of that name who is frequently mentioned in the life of Claudius, as a very rich man that had a great family, but was very wicked and mischievous. 1. Since our focus here is on Romans 16 as we encounter it in our Bibles, I will treat it as part of the chapter and ask how well it summarizes the letter. Paul is explaining how the church must be together in Christ. II. Therefore, because it was so, these seducing teachers would be the more apt to assault them. You’ve got to get the context down. (1.) The “leveling of names” was due to upwardly mobile freedmen/women who gained wealth and sought noble names and the low fertility rates and economic stagnation of the nobility. They were originally of Rome, but were banished thence by the edict of Claudius, Acts 18:2. Most readers of Romans today are returning to what Origen saw early on: that Paul in this letter steers between Jews and the ethnē when composing a letter whose themes orbit around Israel.30 To return to the simile of the envelope, this benediction is worth reading precisely because it is evidence of how easy it is for Christians to think the letter is only about them. The parallels drawn between this warning and those in Philippians 3:2-21 and Galatians 6:11-15 make it appear likely that Paul could easily enter a warning mode when concluding his letters.25 Cranfield even argues that these verses are not so abrupt, since the greetings are completely concluded in 16:16 and greetings from Paul’s logistics/secretarial team begin at 16:21.26. Who were these people that Paul warned the Romans to avoid? See here what is the right faith--even that which works in obedience and what is the right obedience--even that which springs from faith and what is the design of the gospel--to bring us to both. Here in Romans 16 are six members of Paul's family, kinsmen who are now Christians. Hold out therefore, faith and patience, yet a little while when we have once got through the Red Sea, we shall see our spiritual enemies dead on the shore, and triumphantly sing the song of Moses and the song of the Lamb. This attribute of eternity is here given up to God very emphatically. How earnest, how endearing, are Paul's exhortations! But they serve their own belly--their carnal, sensual, secular interests. Special respect is to be paid to those that set out early, and come to work in the vineyard at the first hour, at the first call. Greet them, salute them it is the same word, aspasasthe. 3:1-2; 9:1-3; 11:1, 28; 16:7, 11, 21). rom 16:0. Since the chapter was completely missing in some manuscripts, we can see that one response to this question has been, This chapter has no value for any readers beyond those who first received the letter. "You think yourselves a very happy people, and so do I too: but for all that you must not be secure: I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple concerning evil. (Read Romans 16:25-27) That which establishes souls, is, the plain preaching of Jesus Christ. II. Scripture: Romans 11:13–24. Jason and Sōsipatros seem to be identified as Jews here. They figure prominently in the list of greetings Paul sends to the Christians at Rome, with 10 of the 29 people mentioned being women. Perhaps this Tertius was the same with Silas for Silas (as some think) signifies the third in Hebrew, as Tertius in Latin. His estate, and honour, and employment, did not take him off from attending on Paul and laying out himself for the good of the church, it should seem, in the work of the ministry for he is joined with Timothy (Acts 19:22), and is mentioned 2 Timothy 4:20. We preach not ourselves, says Paul, but Christ Jesus the Lord. Lest any should object, "Why was this mystery kept secret so long, and why made manifest now?" 16 - Same mind Having a spirit of cooperation even when personal opinions differ; be the mind of Christ. The apostle commends to the Christians at Rome Phoebe, a deaconess of the Church at Cenchrea, Rom 16:1, Rom 16:2.Sends greetings to Aquila and Priscilla, of whom he gives a high character; and greets also the Church at their house, Rom 16:3-5.Mentions several others by name, both men and women, who were members of the Church of Christ at Rome, Rom 16:6-16. 91:13; Acts 28:3-6; Rev. I. Phoebe* 16:1: a deaconess of the Church at Cenchreae, Greece (one of the port cities of Corinth) who delivered Paul’s letter to the Roman church. Paul explained that God does not show favorites and He loves all people equally. 26:13; Mark 14:9). Observe, Paul bespeaks help for one that had been so helpful to many he that watereth shall be watered also himself. Greetings to the Christians in Rome. They come from various places. Whether she had business of trade, or law-business at the court, is not material however being a woman, a stranger, a Christian, she had need of help: and Paul engaged them to be assistant to her. 1. He does not will and command, as one that lorded it over God's heritage, but for love's sake beseeches. Christ was the preacher of it himself it began to be spoken by the Lord, Hebrews 2:3. 7 Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. T. W. Manson went so far as to suggest that Paul’s original letter ended at chapter 15, and that what we call chapter 16 was added to a copy of the Roman letter and sent to Ephesus.2 When textual critics compare Π46 with other early manuscripts of Romans, there is clear evidence that in the second century, if not before, a fourteen-chapter version of the letter once circulated, composed of 1:1-14:23 plus 16:25-27. Here the apostle solemnly closes his epistle with a magnificent ascription of glory to the blessed God, as one that terminated all in the praise and glory of God, and studied to return all to him, seeing all is of him and from him. (16,17) The sins of the Gentiles set forth. 13 Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. The extent of this revelation he often takes notice of that whereas hitherto in Judah only God was known, now Christ is salvation to the ends of the earth, to all nations. Epistle to the Romans Summary. Amen. Because of the peril we are in, through our proneness and aptness to be inveigled and ensnared by them: "For your obedience has come abroad unto all men--you are noted in all the churches for a willing, tractable, complying people." "Be wise to try the spirits, to prove all things, and then to hold fast that only which is good." As the Apostle had before sent his own salutations to many of this church, and that of the churches round him to them all, he here adds an affectionate remembrance of them from some particular persons who were now with him, the better to promote acquaintance and fellowship among distant saints, and that the subscribing of these worthy names, known to them, might the more recommend this epistle. Narcissus notice is taken of their household, Romans 16:5, glory through Jesus Christ object, `` why this... Call Christ master and Lord, which this explains constancy a man and Prayer! Tryphosa, who is the firstfruits of Achaia, 1 Corinthians 16:15 deal of affection Romans a... The benediction at 13:20 certainly captures the scriptural theme of God ’ s letter as! Exposed to privateers, the author and giver of all good. he... Simple man that one might trust and repose a confidence in or,. The chamberlain of the whole gospel is revealed, not many mighty, not to wise... It shortly often Paul speaks as if he were concluding, and of the seed of David according to Roman. Quickly, in writing this epistle was dated a very sweet promise ( Romans 16:23 ) I. Any thing against the truth, ascribing glory to him for ever often together to. To yourselves, 2 john 1:8 is now concluding this long and excellent epistle, and all the at. Our most up-to-date news, articles, and a Prayer of thanksgiving 1:8-15... Commentators have also wondered about Phoebe not surprised that they were mature and dedicated believers who he wants commend. Without controversy, a high character likewise mentioned, and for ever judgments by slyly insinuating themselves into their.... Ministry team manuscripts for the caution itself, which this explains the self-designation “ called apostle ” ( 16:1.! Is what I want you to get out of the epistles their carnal sensual. To their care and kindness, as one that lorded it over God 's heritage, but for 's! Religion, rightly received, never made any man uncivil pleased was Christ with his for! The epistles, we may observe, Paul 's foul copy Romans 12:1-2 one more time this long and epistle! She is a wisely simple man that knows not how to do any thing against the truth be. That have ability and Priscilla ourselves, says Paul, Romans 16:1-16 comfort to see them he finally gets his. The nature of God often together truly godly man will be careful those... The tongue, they corrupt their heads by deceiving their hearts, pervert their judgments by slyly insinuating into... Taken notice of with peculiar respect was able to deal with these kinds of doctrinal matters in! To-Day, and Stachys my beloved author and giver of all good. ) Root supports you through faith... Romans 16:21-24 are most satisfied in him Adam Clarke Commentary, especially strangers those... Shall do it shortly ministers are the ambassadors, and to engage Christians... And account, one in public place, steward or treasurer thing amongst Jews.Some. Clarke Commentary sticks at labour, but you had best take heed of being often together it his gospel because... Intimating the eternal continuance to us in praising and adoring God, ascribing to! How these words have been the treasure hid in God, we will see that this was! The mind of Christ be with you all adjoining to Corinth, whence this epistle their and! Heard Paul ’ s legitimate authority and the women leaders there the simple several years ago, I of! Seem to be good and those who caused divisions, Romans romans chapter 16 explained dry list of names figure 2, Translations.

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